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Honey Bee Research and Extension Lab

Honey Bee Research and Extension Lab

Two Bees in a Podcast

We are excited to share our "Two Bees in a Podcast". Have questions or comments? Please contact us at honeybee@ifas.ufl.edu

  • Episode 139: All About the Money, Honey! with Sierra Malnove

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 10, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Sierra Malnove, a beekeeper and small business owner of Creamed Honey Company from Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, on “concierge” and private beekeeping. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode.

    Q&A

    1. Where in the world is Jamie Ellis?
    2. What about using oxalic acid and rotating the methods for reducing resistance against Varroa?
    3. Do you think using drone comb increases the number of drones produced or does the ratio remain the same?
    4. Is natural swarming good for Varroa control?

    Resources

    Sierra Malnove: https://sierrasbees.com/about 

  • Episode 138: Guessing Hive Size and Strength with Infrared Technology

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 19, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Lauren Goldstein, a graduate student researcher from Michigan State and former UF HBREL intern on imaging hives with infrared. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode.

    Q&A

    1. How much should queen cells and mated queens cost? When receiving them during winter or times when you wouldn’t normally reintroduce them, what would you do with them?
    2. Can you describe the nesting habits of wild honey bees?
    3. What should non-beekeepers do when they see bees after a natural disaster? Should they put out sugar water?

    Resources

    Lauren Goldstein: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=DWA08GsAAAAJ&hl=en 

  • Episode 137: All About the Farmers Markets, Honey! with Beth Murphy

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 12, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Beth Murphy, a beekeeper and owner of Southern Bees LLC of High Springs, FL, on turning her products into profits at a local farmers market. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode.

    Q&A

    1. What are recommended methods for banking queens?
    2. Do queens run free in the hive outside the queen bank?
    3. Is sunflower seed meal a good food source for bees?
    4. What is CBPV? Where does it come from? How do you deal with it?

    Resources

    Sweet Southern Bees- Beth Murphy contact: https://sweetsouthernbees.com/contact.html 

  • Episode 136: Let’s Talk about the Bee Informed Partnership

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 5, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Selina Bruckner, a postdoctoral researcher with Penn State and Nathalie Steinhauer, a University of Maryland Entomologist and science coordinator, all about the Bee Informed Partnership. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode.

    The survey is open and accepting responses from April 1st to April 30th 2023. Please take a moment to submit your response to help us continue to inform beekeepers, researchers, policy makers, and the greater public about impacts to honey bee colony health. Visit beeinformed.org to join in the effort, learn more, and take the survey!

    Q&A

    1. What does it mean if a colony is pollen bound or nectar bound?
    2. Can equipment soaked in water or damaged by water be reused following hurricanes or floods?
    3. Does soil health have an impact on our pollinators?

    Resources

    Bee Informed Partnership Survey: https://beeinformed.org/ 

  • Episode 135: Shipping Queen Cells

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 29, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Ellen Topitzhofer, a senior faculty research assistant from the Honey Bee Laboratory Department of Horticulture in Oregon State University and future extension agent at Cornell in New York about shipping queen cells. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode.

    Q&A

    1. Do queen breeders really ship queens or drone semen?
    2. Do bee viruses come from native bees or non-native/introduced honey bees?
    3. How are pest and disease distribution maps made and released?

    Resources

    Worldhoneybeehealth.com

    Best Management Practice guide for shipping queen cells https://www.projectapism.org/shipping-queen-cells.html

    Ellen Topitzhofer: Ellen.Topitzhofer@cornell.edu

  • Episode 134: The Many Arts of Beekeeping with Karen Boger

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 22, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Karen Boger, a beekeeper from Florida all about her artistic beekeeping hobbies and products. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode. Episode 134 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is it ok to split nucs in February? Would it be ok to have a new queens at this time of year as well?
    2. I have EFB in Colorado and 10 hives making it through the winter. Should I proactively treat for EFB when I have prescribed medication?
    3. How often do queens defensively sting outside the hive?

    Resources

    Karen Brock Boger: https://www.linkedin.com/in/karen-brock-boger-6baa4a46 

  • Episode 133: All About the Money, Honey! with Melanie Kirby

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 8, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Melanie Kirby, a queen breeder and owner of Zia Queenbees from New Mexico, on how she works with bees. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode. Episode 133 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How big is a bee’s brain compared to the human brain?
    2. What is something that backyard beekeepers can do to help commercial beekeepers?
    3. If a queen stinger is a modified ovipositor, how can a queen also sting and lay eggs? (we have answered this one before, but we wanted to bring it back at ABF 2023)

    Resources

    Zia Queenbees: https://ziaqueenbees.com/sw-survivor-queenbee-project/#:~:text=The%20Adaptive%20Bee%20Breeders%20Alliance%20was%20established%20in%20the%20spring,webinar%20can%20be%20found%20here

  • Episode 132: Student Beekeeping in Thailand

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 1, 2023, Two Bees producer Serra Sowers speaks with Lauren Roberts, a beekeeper and current entomology undergraduate from the University of Florida in Gainesville, on beekeeping in Thailand. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment from Live! Two Bees in a Podcast at the American Beekeeping Federation Conference in Jacksonville from January 2023. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode. Episode 132 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How did Jamie get his start in beekeeping?
    2. What are hygienic bees and why do people keep them?
    3. Are we putting too much emphasis on mite resistant strains and losing sight of good honey producers?

    Resources

    American Beekeeping Federation Conference: https://www.abfnet.org/mpage/2023ConferenceRegistration 

     

  • Episode 131: Follow-up on Microplastics

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on February 22, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu follow-up with Mica Buteler, a researcher from CONISET National Institute for Science and Technology from Argentina, on microplastics and finding plastic in wax. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode. Episode 131 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is the lab doing right now to help the bees?
    2. What about dipping bee hives in hot wax or paraffin? Is there a service for this?
    3. Where can I find out about Martha Gillium’s work and who is continuing her research?

    Resources

    Microplastics Incorporated by Honeybees from Food are Transferred to Honey, Wax and Larvae: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35068598/ 

     

  • Episode 130: Controlling Varroa through Genetic Technology

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on February 15, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Nicky Faber, a PhD candidate from the laboratory of genetics in the department of plant sciences at Wageningen University in the Netherlands, on controlling Varroa through genetic technology. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode. Episode 130 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is there a difference between frames being perpendicular or parallel in the hive?
    2. What is the melting point of beeswax?
    3. What is happening with Varroa being found in Australia?

    Resources

    A gene drive does not spread easily in populations of the honey bee parasite Varroa destructor: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35068598/ 

     

  • Episode 129: All About the Money, Honey! with Virginia Webb

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on February 8, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with award-winning honey producer Virginia Webb from Clarksville, Georgia on honey shows and making money with honey. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode. Episode 129 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is a foundress Varroa and what happens if an emerging bee has one?
    2. What do holes in brood capping mean?
    3. Why does Florida require a 6-foot barrier around honey bee hives?

    Resources

    https://www.folkschool.org/2023/02/14/cover-story-beekeeping-with-virginia-webb-2/

     

  • Episode 128: Catching up with Two Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on January 25, 2023, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu introduce our new season and talk about trends in the industry expected this year. This episode concludes with a Stump the Chump Q&A. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode. If you have questions, let us know in the comments or send us an email at honeybee@ifas.ufl.edu . Episode 128 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is crushed rock as a ground cover going to cause problems for small hive beetles around colonies?
    2. Given that ants produce formic acid, is there a relationship between ants and bees in a colony?
    3. So what is happening at the UF Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory this year?
  • Episode 127: Varroa Control Methods in Ontario

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on December 14, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Nuria Morfin, Lead of Technology Research Program and researcher from the Honey Bee Research Center in Ontario, Canda, on surveillance of Varroa using synthetic acaricides. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 127 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Fat bodies: are the fat bodies what allows them to live longer during winter?
    2. Can summer bees survive through the winter with adequate food stores?
    3. When using nucs, how do you manage them without swarming or excessive growth?

    Resources

    Nuria Morfin: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nuria-Morfin

    Surveillance of Viruses in Varroa destructor Samples Collected from Honey Bee Colonies in Ontario, Canada, between 2015 and 2019: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/362828658_Surveillance_of_Viruses_in_Varroa_destructor_Samples_Collected_from_Honey_Bee_Colonies_in_Ontario_Canada_between_2015_and_2019

  • Episode 126: December Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on December 1, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu discuss best practices for managing bees in December. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 126 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Can you clone honey bees?
    2. How might power lines impact honey bee colonies or bee behavior?
    3. Can you feed bees organic brown sugar syrup?

    Resources

    Florida Beekeeping Management Calendar: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848 

  • Episode 125: Overwintering Colonies -- Indoor or Outdoor?

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on November 23, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Rosanna Punko, an Apiculture Inspector for the Bee Health Assurance Team in Alberta, Canada on Nosema management of indoor and outdoor overwintering of colonies. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 125 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How can you control wax moths? Does Certan work?
    2. Does Apiguard still work if it hardens or melts?
    3. Is there an update on Dr. Cameron Jack’s oxalic acid study?
  • Episode 124: Sub-Arctic Beekeeping

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on November 16, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Etienne Tardiff, a hobbyist beekeeper in Yukon, Canada on sub-Arctic beekeeping. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 124 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is artificial intelligence and how does it apply to honey bees?
    2. How might remote monitoring be influenced by AI?
    3. What might technology look like in the near future for honey bees?
  • Episode 123: Climate Effects on Honey Bee Food Source

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on November 9, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Gabriela Quinlan, an NSF postdoctoral research fellow from the department of entomology at Penn State University, on climate effects of grasslands on honey bees in the US. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 123 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is it safe to have bees on an auto-salvage yard?
    2. Do bees have teeth?
    3. What does it mean to be lipophilic and is it a problem if miticides are lipophilic?
  • Episode 122: November Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on November 5, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak about preparing hives for winter and cold weather in November. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 122 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What can be used to combat Varroa, wax moths and small hive beetles that is still safe for bees?
    2. Can you describe how to correctly clip queen wings?
    3. Do you think pond salt or bleach in feeder jars is harmful?

    Resources

    Florida Beekeeping Management Calendarhttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848 

  • Episode 121: The Origins of Honey Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on October 26, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Kathleen Dogantzis, a PhD candidate from the Zayed Lab with the Department of Biology at York University in Toronto, Canada, on the origins and evolution of Apis mellifera. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. What is a slatted rack?
    2. If a queen is parasitized by a mite, can disease be transmitted vertically to the egg causing mass infection?
    3. Can colonies side-by-side create different honey? Why?

    Resources

    Vertical-transmission routes for deformed wing virus of honeybees (Apis mellifera): https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6214870_Vertical-transmission_routes_for_deformed_wing_virus_of_honeybees_Apis_mellifera

    Slatted Rack

  • Episode 120: Finding Pesticide Residue in Nectar and Pollen

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on October 19, 2022, Amy Vu speaks with Dr. Jamie Ellis, a researcher from the UF Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory on finding exposure to pesticides in urban and suburban areas within nectar and pollen. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. What happens to laying workers when you requeen using a nuc?
    2. What are the pros and cons of open feeding?
    3. Between single and medium supers, do you recommend pulling out queen excluders in the winter time?

    Resources

    Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Exposure to Pesticide Residues in Nectar and Pollen in Urban and Suburban Environments from Four Regions of the United States: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35262221/ 

  • Episode 119: Moving Honey Bees in the U.S. and Territories

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on October 12, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Jose Marcelino, a researcher from the UF Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory in Gainesville, Florida, on the ability and legality of moving honey bees. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. What do beekeepers need to do when they don’t have resources post hurricane?
    2. How do you get colonies ready for a hurricane?
    3. Are there any studies that confirm that the solar level affects honey bee behavior?

    Resources

    The Movement of Western Honey Bees (Apis mellifera L.) Among U.S. States and Terrorities: History, Benefits, Risks, and Mitigation Strategies: https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2022.850600

  • Episode 118: How Honey Bees Respond to Viruses

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on October 5, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Mike Simone Finstrom, a researcher microbiologist from USDA-ARS Honey Bee breeding and physiology lab in Baton Rouge, Louisiana on viruses in honey bees. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode.

    Q&A

    1. What do you think about using mini mating nucs?
    2. How can you maintain population numbers in backyard beekeeping and hives?
    3. Do bees use sugar around the hive? Does it move around the colony and get turned into honey?

    Resources

    Dr. Mike Simone Finstromhttps://www.ars.usda.gov/southeast-area/baton-rouge-la/honeybeelab/people/mike-simone-finstrom/ 

  • Episode 117: October Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 29, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak all things monthly management. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Check out our website ufhoneybee.com for additional resources from today’s episode.

    Q&A

    1. Can seeds be planted in a septic drain field and when honey bees take from the plants, is that a problem for the honey they make?
    2. What happens if small hive beetles break into capped larva? Could they be the cause of an infestation?
    3. How does the queen lay eggs?

    Resources

    Florida Beekeeping Calendar, October 2022: https://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/entnemdept/2022/09/30/florida-beekeeping-calendar-october-2022/

    Using Nucs in Beekeeping Operations: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN869

  • Episode 116: Varroa Testing and Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 21, 2022, Dr. Cameron Jack and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Rassol Bahreini, a researcher from Department of Biological Science at the University of Alberta in Alberta, Canada, on Varroa management. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. What is the efficacy of a brood break to control Varroa?
    2. What is “clean water” for bees? Is it the same as what we think clean water is?
    3. Is it ok to work bees in the rain?

    Resources

    Miticidal activity of fenazaquin and fenpyroximate against Varroa destructor, an ectoparasite of Apis mellifera https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.6788 

    Integrated Pest Management Control of Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae), the Most Damaging Pest of (Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae)) Colonies https://doi.org/10.1093/jisesa/ieab058 

  • Episode 115: The Growth of Urban Beekeeping

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 7, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Joan Casanelles Abella, a researcher from the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow, and Landscape Research in Switzerland, on the sustainability of urban beekeeping. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. How do beekeepers prevent bees from overheating or not warm enough while in an observation hive?
    2. Can worker bees do all of the tasks within the hive and do they skip certain tasks?
    3. How do you get rid of propolis from clothing and areas around the hive?

    Resources

    Joan Casanelles Abella https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Joan-Casanelles-Abella 

  • Episode 114: September Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on August 31, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak on all things monthly management. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. Does a queen sting her other sisters in the hive? Is the queen’s stinger her ovipositor? If she doesn’t sting, how does she ‘sting’ her sisters?
    2. What does a hive temperature and humidity sensor do? Can it help determine if there was a swarm? Is it possible that a new virgin queen swarmed, and the old queen left, or was there no swarm at all?
    3. After a deadout, my frozen frames that were reused developed a lot of small hive beetles. Did the small hive beetle eggs survive the freezer or was it coincidence?

    Resources

    Florida Beekeeping Management Calendar https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848

  • Episode 113: Heat and Temperature Changes Impact Varroa

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on August 24, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Szymon Smolinski, a researcher from the National Marine Fisheries Research Institute in Poland, on the effect of autumn temperature changes on varroa infestation. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 113 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Why do bees “beard” at the front of the colony?
    2. If you want to introduce a queen, does moving her near other bees spread her pheromone?
    3. If two brood or capped frames from another hive are placed into a new one, how long will it take bees to decide what to do with them?

    Resources

    Raised seasonal temperatures reinforce autumn Varroa destructor infestation in honey bee colonies https://www.researchgate.net/publication/356243464_Raised_seasonal_temperatures_reinforce_autumn_Varroa_destructor_infestation_in_honey_bee_colonies

  • Episode 112: Effect of Microplastics on Honey Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on August 17, 2022, Dr. Cameron Jack and Amy Vu speak with Mica Buteler, a researcher at CONISET National Institute for Science and Technology from Argentina, on the effect of microplastics on honey bee health and foraging behavior. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 112 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What do bubbles in uncapped nectar or honey cells mean?
    2. How does temperature affect the queen’s egg laying and does it affect brood rearing?
    3. Why are bees claws curled upward?

    Resources

    Acute toxicity of microplastic fibers to honeybees and effects on foraging behavior https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35074382/#affiliation-1

  • Episode 111: Honey Bee Nutrition Using Feed Supplements

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on August 3, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Vincent Ricigliano, a research entomologist with the USDA from Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on the effect of artificial diets on honey bee health. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 111 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How can you identify if your hive is having a feed problem and what should you do to supplement them?
    2. Why are the bees not taking to the sugar water provided? Is it too cold outside?
    3. How do you use thymol to control wax moths?

    Resources

    Effects of different artificial diets on commercial honey bee colony performance, health biomarkers, and gut microbiota https://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=388316

  • Episode 110: August Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 27, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu talk all things management for the month of August. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 110 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Why do you only use swarm cells if you can’t get any other cells and do you allow the colony to requeen?
    2. What are some minimum temperature ranges during colder months for different activities like brood inspections and making splits?
    3. After marking a queen, the queen froze and twitched. A few days later, then eggs were found. What happened?

    Resources

    https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848

  • Episode 109: Accessible Beekeeping

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 20, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Justin Ruger, an author and beekeeper with Hippie Chick Apiary from Culpeper, Virginia, on beekeeping with disabilities. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 109 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Why would commercial beekeepers use a mini mating nuc vs regular nuc or full-size colony when breeding queens?
    2. How many species of honey bees exist in the United States and worldwide?
    3. How high can drones fly? How high are drone congregation areas?

    Resources

    https://www.accessiblebeekeeping.org/survey 

    https://linktr.ee/beekeepingwithdisabilities

    https://beekeepingwithdisabilities.com/

  • Episode 108: How Insecticides Impact Colonies

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 13, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. William Meikle, a USDA research entomologist in Tucson, Arizona, on stimulation of bees that follows with insecticide usage. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 108 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Can bees recognize humans through their voices or hear music?
    2. Is there science on feeding bananas to bees?
    3. How can you use nuc boxes to produce honey? Where do I find out my local nectar flows?

    Resources

    Traces of a neonicotinoid pesticide stimulate different honey bee colony activities, but do not increase colony size or longevity: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147651322000422?via%3Dihub 

  • Episode 107: Effects of Insect Growth Disruptors on Honey Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 6, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Julia Fine, a research entomologist with USDA in Davis, California, about insect growth disruptors effect on Apis mellifera queens. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 107 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Does a queen cell cup determine the quality of a queen?
    2. Are colonies more susceptible to diseases if they are being fed sugar water or pollen patties instead of foraging natural sources?
    3. Where can beekeepers find holes in their knowledge through online quizzes, programs etc.?

    Resources

    The Behaviorial Toxicity of Insect Growth Disruptors on Apis mellifera Queen Care: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2021.729208/full 

    The Production of Queen Cups and Queen Cells in Relation to the General Development of Honeybee Colonies, and its Connection with Swarming and Supersedure: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00218839.1965.11100115 

    UF/IFAS Master Beekeeper Program: https://ifas-honeybee.catalog.instructure.com/ 

  • Episode 106: July Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 30, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu talk about best management strategies to practice in July. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 106 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Can you effectively combine Varroa treatments?
    2. Why some wax white and others dark?
    3. What is the thin layer of silk that surrounds honey bee larvae?

    Resources

    UF/IFAS Beekeeping Management Calendar: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848 

  • Episode 105: Use of Essential Oils Against Varroa destructor

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 22, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Marian Hýbl & Petr Mraz from the Czech Republic, about using essential oils to fight Varroa. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. Is nectar from white aster good for bees?
    2. How can you cull frames and still keep the bees?
    3. How do foragers bring in nectar, pollen, propolis, and water?

    Resources

    Evaluating the Efficacy of 30 Different Essential Oils against Varroa destructor and Honey Bee Workers (Apis mellifera): https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34821845/ 

    The control of water collection in honey bee colonies https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s002650050402

    Propolis and bee health: the natural history and significance of resin use by honey bees https://www.apidologie.org/articles/apido/full_html/2010/03/m09142/m09142.html

  • Episode 104: June Management

    In this week’s episode of Two Bees in a Podcast released on June 8, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu give tips and best strategies for maintaining your hives in June. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 104 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Should you use pollen patties? Does it help going into the winter?
    2. How long can dead bees still sting and how long does the stinger stay active?
    3. After inspection, how fast does a colony tear down a queen cell after the queen emerges?
    4. Will a daughter colony and mother colony mate together?

    Resources

    Florida beekeeping management calendar June 2022: https://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/entnemdept/2022/05/31/florida-beekeeping-management-calendar-june-2022/ 

  • Episode 103: Queen Health and Beeswax Pesticides

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 1, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with David Tarpy and Allison McAfee, a professor of applied ecology at NC State and post-doctoral research scholar in applied ecology at NC State, about their recent manuscript on the link between queen health and contact exposure to beeswax pesticides. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 103 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. When requeening after a split, is it possible to transfer queen cells from another hive to the new one?
    2. In a queenless hive where there are queen cells, will the bees get rid of the other cells when a new mated queen is introduced?
    3. How long does it take worker bees to lay after they swarm if they are unsuccessful with requeening?

    Resources

    Honey bee queen health is unaffected by contact exposure to pesticides commonly found in beeswax: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34312437/ 

  • Episode 102: Cottage Food Laws and Selling Honey

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 25, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Jennifer Hagen, Family and Consumer Services Agent from Lee County, Florida, about selling honey and cottage food laws. This episode is ended with a special Q&A segment on swarms. Episode 102 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is the best time to check a hive after it has swarmed?
    2. What should you do with the swarm cells?
    3. Do secondary and tertiary swarms leave with the mated queen or virgin queens?

    Resources

    Jennifer Hagen Information: https://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/leeco/author/jhagen/ 

    Bottling, Labeling, and Selling Honey in Florida: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN918 

    Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Cottage Foods: https://www.fdacs.gov/Business-Services/Food/Food-Establishments/Cottage-Foods 

  • Episode 101: Pollen Agrochemical Treatments and the Livelihoods of Queens

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 20, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Reed Johnson, an associate professor and researcher in the department of entomology from The Ohio State University, about pollen agrochemical treatments affecting livelihoods of queens. This episode ends with a Q&A segment. Episode 101 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. If I bang metal together, will it make a swarm go where I want it to go?
    2. When moving a hive, how far or how close do you move it and how much time does it take to successfully move the colony?
    3. What is a good way to configure hives? What should I use: brood boxes or a queen excluder or a honey super?

    Resources

     

    Pollen Treated with a Combination of Agrochemicals Commonly Applied During Almond Bloom Reduces the Emergence Rate and Longevity of Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Queens: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34723328/ 

    Hive configurations: https://youtu.be/KyOAoYthLoc 

  • Episode 100: Special 100th Episode!

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 27, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu celebrate our 100th episode with monthly management and a blooper reel! Thanks for joining us for our weekly episodes and supporting our show. Episode 100 Transcription

  • Episode 99: Sideline Beekeeping with Kent Pegorsch

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 20, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Kent Pegorsch, a beekeeper with Dancing Bear Honey in Waupaca, Wisconsin, about sideline beekeeping for non-full-time beekeepers. This episode ends with a Q&A segment. Episode 99 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How does a beekeeper collect pollen and what do they do with the pollen? Can it be fed back to the bees?
    2. If recovering from AFB, what do you do with your hives, frames, and tools? Do they need to be sanitized?
    3. How do you find a drone congregation area?

     

  • Episode 98: Nursing Larvae Communication

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 13, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Bradley Metz, a research assistant in the Department of Applied Ecology at North Carolina State University, about pheromones and nursing larvae communicating needs to worker bees. This episode ends with a Q&A segment. Episode 98 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is crystalized honey a problem for bees or just beekeepers?
    2. When do you put a honey super on and how do you know it is time?
    3. Can you eat honey from a hive treated with oxalic acid?

    Resources

    Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Nursing Responses to Cuticular Cues Emanating from Short-term Changes in Larval Rearing Environment: https://academic.oup.com/jinsectscience/article/21/6/7/6414650 

  • Episode 97: Evaluating European Foulbrood Diagnostic Methods

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 6, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Meghan Milbrath, Assistant Professor of Entomology at Michigan State University, about English and American foulbrood diagnostics. This episode ends with a Q&A segment. Episode 97 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. When do bees determine swarm size: before or after finding a suitable location?
    2. If workers lay drones, are they viable for mating? What does it look like in spreading genetics?
    3. Is small hive beetle larva slime medicinal or useful in any way like maggots are?

    Resources

    Validation of Diagnostic Methods for European Foulbrood on Commercial Honey Bee Colonies in the United States: https://academic.oup.com/jinsectscience/article/21/6/6/6414648 

    Honey Bee Democracy: https://www.amazon.com/Honeybee-Democracy-Thomas-D-Seeley/dp/0691147213 

  • Episode 96: April Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 30, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu talk all things monthly management and how to take care of your hives in April. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 96 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Can you use stinging nettle for mite treatment?
    2. Can you use bee hives for insulation for floors or roofs since they self-regulate their temperature?
    3. How can you drive the queen down from the upper box (honey super) to the bottom box (brood box)?

    Resources

    FL management calendar: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848

  • Episode 95: The Impact of COVID-19 on Changes in Beekeeping

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 23, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Miriam Bixby, a post-doctoral bee and economic researcher from Vancouver, Canada, about how COVID-19 has changed the beekeeping industry in British Columbia. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 95 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is a slatted rack?
    2. Is it time to treat for Varroa? What antibiotics or treatment works best?
    3. How do you find a veterinarian for your colonies?

    Resources

    Impacts of COVID-19 on Canadian Beekeeping: Survey Results and a Profitability Analysis: https://academic.oup.com/jee/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jee/toab180/6373167 

  • Episode 94: The Swiss Beekeeping Concept

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 16, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu speak with Dr. Matthieu Guichard, a research scientist with Agroscope Swiss Beekeeping Service and Apiservice extension, talking about beekeeping strategies in Switzerland. This episode is concluded with a Q&A. Episode 94 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. After making a split, why did the colony still swarm even though there was no queen present?
    2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of propolis deposition?
    3. After looking at treated supers full of honey, even though it cannot be consumed by humans, can it be left on for the bees?

    Resources

    Dr. Matthieu Guichard: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Matthieu-Guichard 

  • Episode 93: The Architectural Abilities of Honey Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 2, 2022, Jamie and Amy speak with Dr. Michael Smith, an Assistant Professor of Biological Sciences from Auburn University and affiliate member of the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior in Germany, about imperfect comb construction and the architectural abilities of honey bees. This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 93 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How important is it that hives face southeast or at least toward morning sun? What if you only have a location that faces west?
    2. When are bees more likely to swarm? I thought when it was warm and days longer?
    3. After looking at frames covered with Nosema and bee feces, what can I do with those frames? Can I use the honey? Can I use the wax?

    Resources

    Imperfect comb construction reveals the architectural abilities of honeybees: https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.2103605118 

  • Episode 92: March Monthly Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on February 23, 2022, Dr. Jamie Ellis and Amy Vu take a deep dive into best practices for hive management throughout the month of March! This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 92 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. After freezing and bagging wax moth infected frames, why would larva survive?
    2. What methods do you use to combine colonies? How can you rejoin a split?
    3. What are your favorite ways to split a hive and what goals do you accomplish by doing so?

    Resources

    Florida management calendar: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848 

  • Episode 91: Nutrition and Viral Resilience

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on February 16, 2022, we are joined by Alex Walton, a post-doctoral researcher in the department of ecology, evolution, and organismal biology at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 91 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Which colonies should be grafted from? What are the advantages and disadvantages of raising your own queen?
    2. How can you tell if honey bee robbing is happening? What should you do when robbing is suspected?

    Resources

    Dr. Alex Walton: https://twitter.com/evolutionsultan 

    Robbing Behavior in Honey Bees: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN1064 

  • Episode 90: Tylosin Exposure Impacts on Honey Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on February 9, 2022, Dr. Cameron Jack and Amy Vu are joined by Dr. Eli Powell from the Department of Integrative Biology at the University of Texas to discuss his new publication on Tylosin exposure impacts on honey bees and pathogen susceptibility. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the future of our management segment. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 90 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Do honey bees communicate with organs and pheromones? Do other insects use pheromones too?
    2. What are brood breaks? Are brood breaks an effective pest management strategy for Varroa?
    3. What surface should hives be on to prevent small hive beetles from pupating in soil?

    Resources

    Field-Realistic Tylosin Exposure Impacts Honey Bee Microbiota and Pathogen Susceptibility, Which is Ameliorated by Native Gut Probiotics: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34160267/ 

    Controlling small hive beetles, Aethina tumida, in western honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies by trapping wandering beetle larvae: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00218839.2020.1720138 

  • Episode 89: Testing New Compounds Against Varroa destructor and Safety to Honey Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on February 2, 2022, we are joined by Kaylin Kleckner, PhD candidate in the University of Florida Entomology and Nematology Department, to discuss testing new compounds against Varroa and safety of honey bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss queen rearing and mating. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 89 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How can you determine if a dead out is because of colony collapse disorder or if it has absconded? How can you prevent this from happening?
    2. How do we know it is ok to inspect a colony after the winter and snow season to prevent swarming?
    3. What is the best way to clean frames if there is propolis and messy comb that builds up over winter?

    Resources

    Testing new compounds for efficacy against Varroa destructor and safety to honey bees (Apis mellifera): https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ps.6617 

  • Episode 88: Visitation Rates and Colony Stocking Disease

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on January 26, 2022, we are joined by Dr. Rachel Mallinger, assistant professor and pollinator ecologist at the University of Florida Entomology and Nematology Department to discuss hive visitation rates and colony stocking disease. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss queen rearing and grafting. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 88 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is there reason for concern if there are cockroaches near or inside the hive?
    2. Do grease patties help with Varroa or hive beetle control?
    3. How can landowners find beekeepers interested in their property?

    Resources

    Dr. Rachel Mallinger: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/people-directory/rachel-mallinger/ 

    Blueberry Yields Increase With Bee Visitation Rates, but Bee Visitation Rates are not Consistently Predicted by Colony Stocking Densities: https://bioone.org/journals/journal-of-economic-entomology/volume-114/issue-4/toab111/Blueberry%20Yields%20Increase%20With%20Bee%20Visitation%20Rates,%20but%20Bee%20Visitation%20Rates%20are%20not%20Consistently%20Predicted%20by%20Colony%20Stocking%20Densities/10.1093/jee/toab111.full 

  • Special Episode: American Beekeeping Federation Conference & Trade Show

    In this special episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on December 15, 2021, we are joined by Kent Pegorsch, American Beekeeping Federation (ABF) board member to discuss the upcoming 2022 ABF Conference & Tradeshow.

    Resources

    American Beekeeping Federation: https://www.abfnet.org/ 

  • Episode 87: Enzyme Microparticles and Reducing Toxicity in Managed Hives

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on January 19, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Scott McArt, assistant professor in the Department of Entomology at Cornell University and James Webb, founder of Beemmunity to discuss enzyme loaded microparticles and reducing toxicity in managed hives. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss queen rearing and establishing the kind of hives you need. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 87 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Why do honey bees go into torpor or hibernation in the winter?   
    2. Do honey bees forage in the winter even if there is snow or not flowering plants?
    3. What happens to frames from a terminated colony?

    Resources

    From Q&A on Wax Moths: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/AA/AA141/AA141-D2j61yb0df.pdf

    McArt and Webb research manuscript: https://www.nature.com/articles/s43016-021-00282-0?proof=t+target%3D

  • Episode 86: Evaluating the Extreme Weather Impacts on Wild Bee Populations

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on January 12, 2022, we are joined by Dr. Kelsey Graham, scientist at the USDA Agriculture Resource Service to discuss extreme weather impacts on wild bee populations. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss queen rearing and selecting your colonies.  This episode concludes with a Q&A segment. Episode 86 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How often should a beekeeper check their nucs during winter?
    2. What are the best techniques to use to clean and disinfect frames from dead outs?
    3. Does plastic foundation disrupt honey bee communication through vibration?

    Resources

    Using Nucs in Beekeeping Operations:https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN869 

    Does Plastic Comb Foundation Hinder Waggle Dance Communication? Dr. Seeley: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/41708988_Does_plastic_comb_foundation_hinder_waggle_dance_communication 

    Effects of Extreme Weather on Wild Bees, Dr. Graham: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880921001742 

  • Episode 85: Pollen Substitute Patties in Western Honey Bees & How to Collect Propolis

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on December 8, 2021, we are joined by Emily Noordyke, Online Learning and Content Developer at UF/IFAS Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory to discuss pollen substitute patty use. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to collect propolis. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.  Episode 85 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How can you detect good local resources for pollen and nectar and how do we know what the primary nectar flows are in our areas?
    2. What are some strategies for finding potential apiary sites and how do beekeepers and property owners work together to put bees on properties?
    3. There is a white substance being noticed on honey bee pollen baskets, what could this be?

    Resources

    Find your Nearest Florida Beekeepers Association: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/extension/beekeeper-associations/

    Florida Beekeeping Management Calendar: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN848

    Find your local Florida county agent: https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/find-your-local-office/

    Pollen Substitutes Patties in Western Honey Bees: https://academic.oup.com/jee/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/jee/toab083/6285743?redirectedFrom=fulltext

    Tracing the Fate of Pollen Substitute Patties in Western Honey Bee: https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toab083

  • Episode 84: Honey Bees on the Move: From Pollination to Honey Production and Back

    >

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on December 1, 2021, we are joined by Jennifer Bond, Deputy Director of Outlook and Staff at USDA Economic Research Service to discuss honey bee movement around the U.S. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to collect pollen. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 84 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. If you mash up apples with water, and leave it out for the bees, are they apple to get sugar out of it?    
    2. Does soil pH influence small hive beetle larval development?
    3. Is there any research being done involving the use of apple cider vinegar for pest control within a hive?

    Resources

    “Honey Bees on the Move: From Pollination to Honey Production and Back”: https://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/pub-details/?pubid=101475 

    Small Hive Beetle: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/misc/bees/small_hive_beetle.htm 

  • Episode 83: Honey Bees Being at Risk from Microplastics & How to Process Wax

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on November 172021 , we are joined by Dr. Yahya Alnaggar, post-doc fellow at the Institute of General Biology at Martin Luther University in Germany to discuss the risks of microplastics to honey bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to process wax. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.  Episode 83 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Why is it illegal to keep Africanized Bees in the U.S.? Does smoke not help calm them? 
    2. A hive was treated for mites and pesticides were used to achieve this however some bees were harmed and lost. Would a combination the use of pesticides and a treatment for mites impact the health of honey bees 
    3. Once a honey bee begins to forage on one specific flower or fruit do they stay with the same fruit as they continue to forage 

    Resources

    Africanized Honey Bees: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/entity/topic/africanized_honey_bee 

    Are Honey Bees at Risk from Microplastics: https://www.mdpi.com/2305-6304/9/5/109 

  • Episode 82: Pristine Impairing Olfactory Associative Learning in Honey Bees and Naturally Florida Podcast & How to Collect Wax

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on November 3, 2021, we are joined by Nicole DesJardins, Grad Research Assistant at Arizona State University, to discuss the Pristine Impairing Olfactory Associative Learning in Honey Bees. We also have Lara Milligan, Natural Resource Agent with UF/IFAS Extension in Pinellas County and Shannon Carnevale, Natural Resource Agent with UF/IFAS Extension in Polk County discussing the Naturally Florida Podcast. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to collect wax. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.  Episode 82 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Can I freeze comb from sick hives and use them again in the spring? Will freezing killthe virus in the comb?  
    2. Is the feral population of bees in my area affected genetically when I allow my purchased bees to swarm? Am I getting better genetics when queens leave on mating flights because of what I have added to the feral population? 
    3. I moved my colony from Pennsylvania to Florida and they became aggressive. Is it possible that my colony picked up some Africanized honey bees making them more aggressive  

    Resources

    A common fungicide, Pristine®, impairs olfactory associative learning performance in honey bees (Apis mellifera)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749121013026 

    Naturally Florida Podcast: https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/polk/natural-resources-and-conservation/Naturally-florida-podcast/ 

    Honey Production and Marketing: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/honey-production-and-marketing/ 

  • Episode 81: Cannabis Sativa & Bee Health & Management of Honey Bee Pests

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on November 32021, we are joined by Dr. Heather Grab, Senior Lecturer at the School of Integrative Plant Science at Cornell University to discuss Cannabis Sativa and Bee HealthIn the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss honey bee pest management, focusing on mammals. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 81 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Can honey be harvested if larva juice got into the honey during the extraction process? 
    2. What time of year would be ideal to cage the queen and use trapping comb to reduce Varroa numbers? 
    3. There have been strange sounds coming from inside the hive. A YouTube video was found of the same sound being made and nobody has been able to explain the source of the soundDo you know how they are being produced or why?  

    Resources

    Heather Grab: Heather Grab | CALS (cornell.edu) 

    Bee Community of Cannabis Sativa and Corresponding Effects: Bee Community of Cannabis sativa and Corresponding Effects of Landscape Composition | Environmental Entomology | Oxford Academic (oup.com) 

    Field Guide to Beekeeping- Biotic Stressors of Honey Bee Colonies by Jamie Ellis: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/31,-July-2016,-Biotic-Stressors-of-Honey-Bees,-low-res.pdf  

    “Weird Sounds Inside the Beehive”Weird Sounds Inside the Beehive 

  • Episode 80: Balanced Diet in Bees & Bottling Honey

    In this episode Two bees in a Podcast, released on October 27, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Christian Pirk, a Professor in the Department of Zoology and Entomology at the University of Pretoria to discuss the behavior of Cape/African Honey Bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss bottling honey. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 80 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How is it possible for an unfertilized honey bee egg to develop into a drone?
    2. Do queens ever lay multiple eggs in a cell?
    3. How specifically should the queens wings be clipped? What other techniques can be used to prevent swarming?   

    Resources

    Pollen nutrition fosters honeybee tolerance to pesticides:https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.210818 

    Antibiotic treatment impairs protein digestion in the honeybee, Apis melliferahttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13592-019-00718-4 

    Nutrition affects survival in African honey bees exposed to interacting stressors:  
    https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2435.12226  

    Bottling, Labeling, and Selling Honey in Florida: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN918  

  • Episode 79: Impacts on Introduced Honey Bees on Australian Bee-Flower Network & Processing Honey

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released onOctober 20th, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Kit Prendergast, a PhD graduate from Curtin University in Australia to discuss impacts of introduced honey bees on Australian bee-flower network. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss processing honey. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 79 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What are some best management guidelines or strategies for non-chemical control of Varroa? 
    2. How do bees distinguish living things from non-living ones? For example, they sting my finger when approaching, but not a piece of wood. Is there a difference between living things and non-living things for honey bees?   
    3. When bees are swarming who is leaving and who is a part of that process?   

    Resources

    Kit Prendergast: Kit PRENDERGAST · PhD Candidate · PhD, BSc Arts and Science (First Class Honors) · Curtin University, Bentley · School of Molecular and Life Sciences (researchgate.net) 

    Honey Bee Health Coalitionhttps://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/varroa/ 

    Honey and Its Uses: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/AA154  

  • Episode 78: Evolution of Metarhizium Fungus & Making Honey

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on October 13th, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Jennifer Han, an Assistant Research Professor at Washington State University, Dr. Nick Naeger, Research Assistant Professor at Washington State University, and Dr. Steve Sheppard, Entomology Department Chair and Professor at Washington State University, to discuss the Evolution of Metarhizium Fungus. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss making honeyThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 78 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Do honey bees respond to the release of carbon dioxide from people breathing?   
    2. Is there a correlation between the age of a queen and the hive’s general temperament? 
    3. What do our bees really need to stay healthy?   

    Resources

    Evolution of Metarhizium Fungus Improves Biocontrol of Varroa: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-89811-2 

    Jennifer Han:https://bees.wsu.edu/people/

    Nick Naeger:People | WSUHONEY BEES + POLLINATORS | Washington State University 

    Steve Sheppard:https://entomology.wsu.edu/directory/faculty/walter-s-sheppard/

    UF/IFAS Perfect Plants for Pollinators: https://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/design/gardening-with-wildlife/bee-plants.html  

  • Episode 77: Bee Communication During Collective Defense & Harvesting Honey

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on October 6th2021, we are joined by Andrea Lopez-Incera, a Ph.D. student at the institute for theoretical physics, at the University of Innsbruck and Dr. Morgane Nourvian, a Research Fellow at Zukunftskollegto discuss bee communication during collective defense. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss honey harvestingThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment.  Episode 77 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Since Varroa is always a problem, do you need to continuously test and monitor, or could you simply rotate management practices and routinely treat? How often should you monitor your hive for Varroa 
    2. What are the minimum and maximum number of times that you should be treating a colony for mites in a year? Is it different during honey production season? 
    3. Are you setting yourself up for failure if we allow our honey bees to requeen themselves? It is preferred to order mite-resistant queens from a reliable source? 

    Resources

    Andrea Lopez Incera: https://www.philosophie.uni-konstanz.de/ag-mueller/andrea-lopez-incera/ 

    Dr. Morgane Nourvian: https://www.uni-konstanz.de/zukunftskolleg/news/current-news/single-news/We-welcome-Morgane-Nouvian-to-the-Zukunftskolleg/ 

    Field Guide to Beekeeping: Basic Equipment Needed to Extract and Bottle Honey by Dr. Jamie Ellis: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/34,-November-2016,-Basic-Equipment-Needed-to-Extract-and-Bottle-Honey.pdf  

  • Episode 76: Toxic Pesticide Use During Almond Bloom & Management of Honey Bee Pests

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 29th2021, we are joined by Dr. Jennie Durant, USDA-NIFA Postdoctoral Fellow at UC Davis, to discuss toxic pesticide use during almond bloom. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss honey bee pest management, focusing on reptiles and amphibiansThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 76 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is the purpose of drilling 1” holes into brood or honey supers as a secondary entrance? Is there any benefit in doing so?  
    2. Does colony size have any impact on overall hive temperament? 
    3. Does altering the size of the cell foundation alter the size the bees develop into?  

    Resources

    Jennie Durant:https://ourenvironment.berkeley.edu/people/jennie-durant

     

         https://galt.ucdavis.edu/people/jennie-durant 

    Honey bee pollination: http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/polkco/2020/01/22/an-overview-of-the-honeybee-pollination-industry/ 

  • Episode 75: Honey Bee Toxicology & Management of Honey Bee Pests

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 22nd2021, we are joined by Reed Johnson, Assistant Professor at The Ohio State University, to discuss honey bee toxicology. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss honey bee pest management, focusing on insectsThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 75 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. During peak season, a quality queen can lay over 3,000 eggs per day, laying more than her own body weight. Does anyone know what the daily caloric use is for a queen laying more than her body weight in eggs?  
    2. As a new beekeeper, is it worth my time, money, and effort to melt down wax blocks and paint the frames to help the bees use the plastic foundation?   
    3. Does painting nuc a color that bees can see help prevent drifting? Do bees see solid colors or patterns better? 

    Resources

    Dr. Reed Johnson: https://entomology.osu.edu/our-people/reed-johnson 

    Toxicology:  http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/entnemdept/2020/05/15/research-update-honey-bees-and-pesticides/ 

    Pests and diseases: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/pest-and-disease-resources/ 

  • Episode 74: Creating a Standard of Honey Identity in the U.S & Management of Honey Bee Pest

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 15th2021, we are joined by Doug McGinnis, Former President of Tropical Blossom Honey Company, to discuss creating a standard of honey identity in the U.S. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss honey bee pest management, focusing on virusesThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 74 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. requeened a colony that had been queenless for weeks. The newly placed queen had a solid laying pattern. Suddenly, there were many closed swarm cells. What is going on?
    2. From a honey packer’s perspective, how would you describe what they do and why their products cost more than what you can find in grocery stores? 
    3. Is there any research coming out discussing the nutrient content of different types of honey?

    Resources

    Doug McGinnis: https://www.orlandosentinel.com/food-restaurants/os-tropical-blossom-honey-companyy-culina20100217-story.html 

    Doug McGinnis contact: doug1952@cfl.rr.com 

    Viruses: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/in855 

    Honey Identity: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN918 

  • Episode 73: Supporting Bees in Urban Spaces & Management of Honey Bee Pests

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 8th2021, we are joined by Dr. Daniel Potter, Professor in Urban Landscape Entomology at the University of Kentucky, to discuss how to support bees in urban spaces.  In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss honey bee pest management, focusing on fungi. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.   Episode 73 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), why would beekeepers use it and what are Dr. Ellis’ recommendations? 
    2. In a recent publicationa video was published as part of its results that showed a honey bee eating a mite from a cell. What is happening in this publication? Do honey bees eat mites from cells? 
    3. When a previously mated queen swarms, is it possible for her to go on a new mating flight? If so, would she have a reason to do that?  

    Resources

    Daniel Potter: https://entomology.ca.uky.edu/person/daniel-potter 

    Fungi: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN1027 

    Supporting bees in urban places: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/UW329 

    Publication on Varroa consumption: Honey bee behaviours within the hive: Insights from long-term video analysis (plos.org) 

    Honey bee hygiene: Varroa consumption: Honey bee hygiene: Varroa consumption - YouTube 

  • Episode 72: Guide to Varroa Mite Control & Management of Honey Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on September 1st, 2021, we are joined by George Hansen, a commercial beekeeper based in Oregon and owner of Foothill Honey Company, and Christ Hiatt, a commercial beekeeper based in California, owner of the Hiatt Honey Company, to discuss a new document called Guide to Varroa Mite Control for Commercial Beekeepers. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the management of honey bee pests. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 72 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. When do we know to feed? How do we know? 
    2. When people feed their bees sugar syrup and the bees turn that into honey, is that actually honey? Can you collect it? 
    3. Is there any information about mixed race bees? Should you avoid mixing bee races? 

    Resources

    2021 Guide to Varroa Mite Controls for Commercial Beekeeping Operations: https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/varroacontrolsguide/ 

    Foothills Honey Company: https://www.foothillshoney.com/ 

    American Beekeeping Federation: https://www.abfnet.org/ 

    American Honey Producers Assocation: https://www.ahpanet.com/ 

    Honey Bee Health Coalition: https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/ 

    2018 Guide to Varroa Mite Control for Commercial Beekeeping Operationshttps://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/HBHC-Guide_Varroa_Interactive_7thEdition_June2018.pdf 

  • Episode 71: Impacts of Management Practices on Bee Health & Management of Honey Bee Pests

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on August 252021, we are joined by Dr. Margarita Lopez-Uribe, Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist of Entomology in the Department of Entomology at Penn State University, to discuss impacts of management practices on bee health. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss American foulbrood. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 71 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Do heating pads or cages apply to provide heat to the cooler months for a honey bee hive? 
    2. Is there a diet different between the Asian honey bee (Apis ceranaand Western honey bee (Apis mellifera) and whether there is a diet difference that leads to the way that Varroa is managed? 
    3. Do we need to worry about hive health and/ or toxicity when using old frames?

    Resources

    Margarita Lopez-Uribe: Margarita López-Uribe, Ph.D. — Department of Entomology (psu.edu) 

    American Foulbrood-Dr. Megan Milbrathhttps://backyardbeekeeping.iamcountryside.com/beekeeping-101/american-foulbrood-the-bad-brood-is-back/ 

    Honey Bee Health Coalition American Foulbrood: https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/HBHC__AFB-EFB-Final-061119.pdf 

  • Episode 70: Impacts of Urbanization on Bees & Mitigating Bee Threat

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on August 11th2021, we are joined by Dr. Scarlett HowardPostdoctoral Research Fellow at Deakin University in Australia, to discuss the impacts of urbanization on beesIn the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss mitigating the threat your bees pose to others. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 70 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. An individual had recently uncapped their honey and processed it and is not left with the capping's and pieces that came off. How should they utilize this? 
    2. Can you explain why wax looks so different from two hives in the same location?  
    3. When extracted frames are returned to the bees to cleaned up and repaired, do bees use any of the wax debris or is it rejected and removed? 

    Resources

    Scarlett Howard: Scarlett Howard | Deakin 

    Urbanization on bees: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/in1316 

    Threat with bees: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN1297 

    Eradication of swarms and colonies: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/IN/IN77800.pdf 

  • Episode 69: Understanding Pesticide Labels & Knowing Your Beekeeping Goals

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on August 4th, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Brett BultemeierExtension Assistant Professor in Agronomy at the University of Florida to discuss pesticide labels: understanding them and their historyIn the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss knowing your beekeeping goalsThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment.    Episode 69 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What are honey bee cocoons?  
    2. Is it effective to allow VSH queen to raise as many drones as possible with the idea of contributing to the local honey bee gene pool?   
    3. What do you do with honey supers after you extract honey and how do you store honey supers? 

    Resources

    Brett Bultemeier: Dr. Brett Bultemeier, Author at UF/IFAS Pesticide Information (ufl.edu) 

    Pesticide Resistance: Does it Really Matter?: Pesticide Resistance: Does it Really Matter? - UF/IFAS Pesticide Information (ufl.edu) 

    Pesticide Record Keeping: Pesticide Record Keeping - UF/IFAS Pesticide Information (ufl.edu) 

  • Episode 68: Repellency of Some Fungicides to Honey Bees & Sting Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 28th, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Christelle GuédotAssociate Professor and Extension Specialist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison to discuss the repellency of some fungicide to honey bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss sting management and how to protect from themThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment.   Episode 68 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is being honey bound common and what do you do about it? 
    2. A listener had a hive that they split too heavily, they did 3 splits in the spring and noticed that it was queenless for over 28 daysThey added a new queen a couple of weeks ago, then one of the colonies have killed the new queen then took that colony and moved away from the apiary. What is going on 
    3. Why are there different locations on the frame for the different kinds of queen cells, is there any reason for this?

    Resources

    Protecting Pollinators & Improving Pollination: https://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0145/8808/4272/files/A4155.pdf 

    Christelle Guédot: Christelle Guédot – UW Entomology (wisc.edu) 

    Natural Products for Managing Landscape and Garden Pests: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/IN/IN19700.pdf 

  • Episode 67: Insulating your Hives in Summer & Sting Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 21st, 2021, we are joined by Derek Mitchell from the Institute of Thermal Fluids in the School of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Leeds, U.K., to discuss why you should insulate your hives in the summer. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss sting management and body responses to stings. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.   Episode 67 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. In April of this year, a person had a hive that absconded, one day they were there, and they were gone, this person doesn’t know where they went, they installed two nucs at the beginning of Juneseveral days later they saw robbing activity, they put a robbing screen on, but the robbing eventually continued, which led to them shutting down the small opening. The person thinks the absconded hive is trying to rob the new hive. What do you think about this? 
    2. If I were to requeen my hives annually, perhaps with a VHS queenwhat is the best time of year to requeen
    3. Under what circumstances do hives have mother/daughter queens present at the same time? 

    Resources

    Thermal Efficiency: https://www.beeculture.com/thermal-efficiency/ 

    Summer and bees: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/aa264 

    Bee stings: https://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00004422/00001 

    American Bee Journal: https://americanbeejournal.com/the-honey-bee-sting/ 

    Derek Mitchell: Derek Mitchell | School of Mechanical Engineering | University of Leeds 

  • Episode 66: European Honey Bees & Sting Management

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 142021, we are joined by Dr. Ralph Buechler, Director of the Bee Research Institute, to discuss European Honey Bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss sting management and how stings work. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.   Episode 66 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Do you know if there is anyone out there doing research into drone fertility and sperm load? 
    2. Are food resources gathered from robbing reflected by the field force through the waggle dance? How close to the hive can the waggle dance indicate food? 
    3. Why does the queen take 16 days to develop while the workers take 21 days, and the drones take 24 days? 

    Resources

    Best Management Practices for Stings: ENY115/AA137: Best Management Practices for Siting Honey Bee Colonies: Good Neighbor Guidelines (ufl.edu) 

    European bees: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/in1005 

    https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/IN/IN100500.pdf 

    Difference between European and African bees:  http://agrilife.org/masterbeekeeper/files/2017/04/Differences-Between-European-and-African-Honey-Bees.pdf 

    Dr. Ralph Buchler: https://www.unlv.edu/people/ralph-buechler 

  • Episode 65: Infectious Disease Biology & Startup Cost

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on July 7th, 2021, we are joined by Lewis Bartlett, a postdoctoral scholar at the University of Georgia Honey Bee Program, to discuss infectious disease biology. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss hive types. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.  Episode 65 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Often times you see bees in or around soda cans, would flat sprite be a substitute for simple syrup?
    2. If guard bees can tell the difference between one bee and another even hours after the forager has left the hive, can they not tell the difference between the smell of bananas that I had with breakfast than the alarm pheromone?
    3. I’ve been taking notes for years now and now I'm at a loss of what’s important to record, how to use it, and what is just busy work?

    Resources

    Lewis Bartlett: https://www.bartlett.science/ 

    Diseases due to pesticides: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN1027 

    Nosema spores infection: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/in1123 

    Profitability in mid size bee keeping operation: https://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/IR/00/00/44/03/00001/AA08900.PDF 

    Colony collapse disorder: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/pestalert/Colony_Collapse_Disorder.htm 

  • Episode 64: Heroes to Hives & Basic Swarm Management Techniques

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 30th, 2021, we are joined by Adam Ingrao, Veteran's Liaison for Michigan State University Extension and an Agricultural Entomologist, to discuss Heroes to Hives. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss basic swarm management techniques. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 64 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How long can a queen stay in the cage and stay healthy until they are able to be put in a split? How do you take care of them (feed them, keep them alive, etc)? 
    2. When a colony swarms, how long does it for a new queen to mate and then to begin laying eggs? How long is the brood break usually? 
    3. How often do hives have two mated and laying queens and how and why does this happen? 

    Resources

    Swarm control:  https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/in970 

    Eradication of swarms: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/in778 

    Adam Ingrao e-mail: ingraoad@msu.edu

    Bee Wise Farms LLC: https://www.beewisefarms.com/ 

  • Episode 63: Drone Contributions Impacting Queen Success & Stimuli that Lead to Swarming

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 23rd, 2021, we are joined by Elina Niño from the University of California Davis to discuss drone contributions impacting queen success. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the stimuli that lead to swarming. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.    Episode 63 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. When looking at heat treatments for Varroa control purposes, what are the pros and cons to different treatments?
    2. To prevent inbreeding, a queen flies to a drone congregation area much further away than drone. By moving a drone source, are we potentially undermining this protection?
    3. Is honey from hives treated with Apivar safe for consumption?

    Resources

    Dr. Elina Niño: https://elninobeelab.ucdavis.edu/people/elina-nino 

    Swarm control: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/IN970 

    Swarm management: http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/entnemdept/2019/07/15/swarm-management-basics/ 

    Eradication of swarms: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/in778  

    Honey bee drones contributions to honey bee queen: https://res.mdpi.com/biology/biology-09-00174/article_deploy/biology-09-00174.pdf 

  • Episode 62: Honey Bee Waggle Dance & Hive Type Perspectives

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 16th, 2021, we are joined by Margaret Couvillon from Virginia Tech to discuss waggle dances and honey bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss hive types from historical and practical perspectives. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 62 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. In order to maintain gentle behavior, is it necessary to bring in new genetics every couple of seasons, or can I leave my genetics be?  
    2. Have you heard of honey bees eating food from bird feeders? 
    3. How long does brood capping take? 

    Resources

    Margaret Couvillon: https://www.ento.vt.edu/people/Faculty0/Couvillon.html 

    The Langstroth Hive: 3,-March-2014,-Langstroth-Hive,-low-res.pdf (ufl.edu) 

    Observation Bee Hives: ENY131/MG320: Observation Bee Hives (ufl.edu) 

    Field Guide to Beekeeping: 26,-February-2016,-Thermoregulation-and-Dance-Language,-low-res.pdf (ufl.edu) 

    The Tasks of a Worker Honey Bee: 22,-October-2015,-Tasks-of-Worker-Bees,-low-res.pdf (ufl.edu) 

  • Episode 61: Beekeeping-Landowner Relations & Installing Packages

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 9, 2021, we are joined by J.K. Yarborough, livestock and natural resources extension agent from Seminole County, to discuss the relationship between beekeepers and landowners. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss package installation. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.     Episode 61 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Is there anything anyone can do under the hive to impair small hive beetle reproduction?
    2. Why are brood cappings darker and non-translucent compared to honey cappings?
    3. What is the best way to put packages into drawn comb?

    Resources

    J.K.Yarborough: https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/orange/agriculture-and-natural-resources/agriculture-and-natural-resources/  

    Sample Pollination Agreement: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/AA169 

    Installing Packages and Nucs: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/16,-April-2015,-Installing-Packages-and-Nucs,-low-res[1].pdf 

    Small Hive Beetle: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in854 

  • Episode 60: Varroa IPM & Acquiring Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on June 2, 2021, we are joined by Kim Skyrm, Massachusetts Chief Apiary Inspector, and Jen Lund, Maine Bee Inspector, to discuss Varroa IPM. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to acquire bees and queens. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment. Episode 60 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What is cross-wire foundation and does it differ from crimped wire? 
    2. Is it true that queens are dying earlier than they used to historically? 
    3. I want to move all of my stock to VSH. What is the best way to do this?  

    Resources

    Kim Skyrm: https://www.mass.gov/apiary-program-honey-bees  

    Jen Lund: http://mainebeekeepers.org/beekeeping-resources/maine-bee-inspector/  

    Northeastern IPM Center: https://www.northeastipm.org/ 

    Varroa Mite IPM: Four-Part Series for a Healthy Hive (2020): https://www.northeastipm.org/index.cfm/ipm-in-action/the-ipm-toolbox/varroa-mite-ipm-four-part-series-for-a-healthy-hive-in-2020/ 

    Apiary Inspectors of America: https://apiaryinspectors.org/  

    Acquiring Bees and Queens: 
    https://www.dropbox.com/sh/h0xfamw26tbsz32/AADa6ntEDyQlxHMX4OeTnXHDa?dl=0&preview=13%2C+January+2015%2C+Acquiring+Bees+and+Queens%2C+low+res.pdf  

  • Episode 59: Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus & How to Requeen

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 26, 2021, we are joined by Adam Dolezal, Assistant Professor of Entomology from the University of Illinois, to discuss Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to requeen a colony. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.    

    Q&A

    1. Is there anything that can be used to deter wax moths? 
    2. Are we making our bees lazy by feeding them instead of encouraging them to forage? 
    3. Is there a certain percentage of dead bees that is acceptable upon being delivered in the mail?  

    Resources

    Adam Dolezal: https://sib.illinois.edu/profile/adolezal 

    IAPV causes changes in behavior: https://www.pnas.org/content/117/19/10406.short 

    Requeening a Beehive: https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/agriculture/requeening-a-beehive/ 

    Requeen Using Nucs: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in869  

    Wax Moth Control: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/aa141 

  • Episode 58: Best Management Practices for Backyard Beekeepers & Why to Requeen Colonies

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 20, 2021, we are joined by Kelly Kulhanek, Postdoctoral Associate in the Department of Entomology at Washington State University, to discuss best management practices for backyard beekeepers. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss why you should requeen colonies. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.   

    Q&A

    1. Do you recommend a certain brand of nematode to treat small hive beetle larvae? 
    2. What are some ways I can get a more accurate mite count? 
    3. Is there a scientific name for the substance that the queen uses to glue eggs to the bottom of cells? 

    Resources

    Kelly Kulhanek: https://beeinformed.org/bip_team/kelly-kulhanek/  

    BMP’s for Backyard Beekeepers: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348532279_Survey-derived_best_management_practices_for_backyard_beekeepers_improve_colony_health_and_reduce_mortality  

    Requeening a Beehive: https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/agriculture/requeening-a-beehive/ 

  • Episode 57: Carpenter Bees as Pests & Requeening Using a Nuc

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 13, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Bill Kern, Associate Professor in the Department of Entomology & Nematology at the Ft. Lauderdale Research and Education Center of the University of Florida, to discuss carpenter bees being a pest to honey bees. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to requeen colonies using a nuc. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.        

    Q&A

    1. What are screened bottom boards even good for?
    2. Do I need to close my screened bottom boards based on the time of year or humidity? 
    3. Are we helping bees with thermoregulation by using screened bottom boards?

    Resources

    Bill Kern:https://flrec.ifas.ufl.edu/faculty/dr-william-kern/ 

    Carpenter Bees: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_carpenter_bees 

    Using Nucs in Beekeeping Operations: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in869  

  • Episode 56: Buckfast Bees, YouTube, & Hiving a Nuc

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on May 6, 2021, we are joined by Paul Kelley, Staff Apiarist at the University of Guelph in Canada, to discuss Buckfast Bees and educational YouTube content. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to hive a nuc. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.       

    Q&A

    1. Is there a recommended temperature range for using oxalic acid vaporization treatments? 
    2. Do you have a recommended sugar water recipe?
    3. How long must Apis mellifera (or any non-native species) be in an area before it’s considered native, or will it always be considered non-native?

    Resources

    Paul Kelly: https://ses.uoguelph.ca/people/paul-kelly 

    Buckfast Bee Breeding: https://honeybee.uoguelph.ca/buckfast-breading/buckfast-breeding-presentation/ 

    Paul Kelly on YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WkHR7FlPvlQ 

    Using Nucs in Beekeeping Operationshttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in869 

    Oxalic Acid Vaporization Dose: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00218839.2021.1877447 

  • Episode 55: 2021 New Ruling on Oxalic Acid and Marking Queens

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 22, 2021, we are joined by our very own Dr. Cameron Jack, assistant professor in the UF Entomology and Nematology Department, to discuss the new ruling ooxalic acid in honey and how this impacts its use in hives. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the why’s and how’s of marking queens. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.       

    Q&A

    1. How long do you wait between catching a swarm and putting it in their permanent hive?
    2. How long does sugar water last in the refrigerator?
    3. What is washboarding 

    Resources

    Cameron Jack:http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/people-directory/cameron-jack/

    Efficacy of Oxalic Acid Vaporization: https://academic.oup.com/jee/article/113/2/582/5697464?login=true  

  • Episode 54: The Benefits of Pollen to Bees & Using a Smoker

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 15, 2021, we are joined by Gloria Degrandi-Hoffman, Research Leader at the Carl Hayden Bee Research Center in Tucson, Arizona, to discuss the benefits of pollen to honey bees In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to use a smoker when working coloniesThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment.        

    Q&A

    1. Like many beekeepers, I’ve dealt with laying workers. I’m curious if those bees might be in that middle ground between a worker and a queen. Has there been any research done to explore that middle ground or is it an all or nothing switch during development? 
    2. I have a totally "off label" use for QMP.  I use one when doing a removal to get all the bees to go into to box when I am not 100% sure if I have the queen.  
      I was doing one last week and all the bees got in the box by evening. I tried to directly release the queen into the hive not even 24 hours later, and the bees appeared to ball her.  I don't yet know if she made it or if they killed her. The QMP was in the hive overnight, but I took it out as soon as I opened them up the next morning. I really felt that with such a short time they would accept her, but maybe the overnight out of the hive shut her down just enough. What happened?  
    3. If we are looking to start a queen-rearing program, should we purchase artificially inseminated VSH Breeder queens? We will not be able to control the drones at the DCAs. We can purchase breeder queens each year, but that is not sustainable. Would it better to use local over-wintered queens as our breeders?  

    Resources

    Gloria Degrandi-Hoffman: https://www.ars.usda.gov/pacific-west-area/tucson-az/carl-hayden-bee-research-center/people/gloria-degrandi-hoffman/ 

    The Hive Tool and Smoker: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/5,-May-2014,-Hive-Tool-and-Smoker,-low-res.pdf 

  • Episode 53: Tropilaelaps Mites & Characteristics of Healthy Honey Bee Colonies

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 8th, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Sammy Ramsey to discuss the Tropilaelaps miteIn the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the characteristics of healthy honey bee coloniesThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment.       

    Q&A

    1. What are the different types of sugars to feed bees? 
    2. How do you feel about communal feeding? Does it spread disease? Does it enhance or promote robbing? 
    3. What is the best way to brand my boxes? Do I burn first and then paint, or the other way around? 

    Resources

    Sammy Ramsey:https://www.drsammy.online/about

    Tropilaelaps mites- EDIS: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1061 

    Tropilaelaps mites- BeeAwarehttps://beeaware.org.au/archive-pest/tropilaelaps-2/#ad-image-0 

    Characteristics of Healthy Honey Bee Colonies: https://www.bluetoad.com/publication/?i=293541&article_id=2422343&view=articleBrowser&ver=html5 

  • Episode 52: Impact of Land Use on Pollinators & Colony Inspection Techniques

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on April 1st, 2021, we are joined by Dr. Clint Otto from the USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center to discuss the impact of land use changes on honey bees and other pollinators. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss proper colony inspection techniques. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.     

    Q&A

    1. Do hives turn drone comb back into worker brood? 
    2. What is the impact of pollinator gardens on crop pollination?
    3. Is there any research regarding the effects on queen pheromones on humans? 

    Resources

    Clint Otto:https://www.usgs.gov/staff-profiles/clint-otto

    Best Management Practices for Maintaining European Honey Bee Colonies: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in874 

    FDACS Apiary Inspection: https://www.fdacs.gov/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Bureaus-and-Services/Plant-and-Apiary-Inspection/Apiary-Inspection 

    Conducting a Hive Inspection: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/39,-July-2017,-Conducting-a-Hive-Inspection[1].pdf  

  • Episode 51: Beekeeping in Denmark & Picking Apiary Locations

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 25th, 2021, we are joined by Flemming Vejsnæs to discuss beekeeping in Denmark and his role in the Danish Beekeeper’s Association.  In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to pick a location for your apiariesThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment.   

    Q&A

    1. Is “tanging” bee swarms a real thing? If so, what is the science behind the fact that a swarm of bees is attracted to the sound of metal being hit together? 
    2. Do Varroa-related issues affect value-added products such as the quality of the honey, wax, etc.? 
    3. How do you manage honey moisture in dry climates?

    Resources

    Flemming Vejsnæs: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Flemming-Vejsnaes 

    Choosing the Right Location for Your Apiary: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/9,-September-2014,-Choosing-Apiary-Site,-low-res.pdf 

    Swarm Control for Managed Beehives: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in970 

    Varroa: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/AA09000-Pests-and-Diseases.pdf 

    Honey Equipment: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/34,-November-2016,-Basic-Equipment-Needed-to-Extract-and-Bottle-Honey.pdf 

  • Episode 50:  Insulating Honey Bees & Good Neighbor Guidelines

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 18th, 2021, we are joined by Bill Hesbach to discuss over-wintering and insulating honey beesIn the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss how to be a good neighbor when it comes to beekeepingThis episode is ended with a Q&A segment.   

    Q&A

    1. If I wanted to requeen a hive and were to put a stick of Queen Mandibular Pheromone when removing the old queen, would the bees not sense queenlessness and therefore not build queen cells? After the window of opportunity passes for them to make queen cells (aged larvae greater than 3 days old?), would they then be more amenable to accepting my new queen?  
    2. If a beekeeper should accidentally drop a full frame of bees and brood on the ground, will the youngest of the nurse bees on that frame be able to find their way back inside the hive? If the hive is on a hive stand 18 inches above the ground, does this mean any bees crawling back to the hive will be doomed?  On the same lines, what would happen to a queen if she fell off the frame during an inspection? 
    3. What is the optimal way for bees to build new comb (as well as store new nectar) as the spring flow is about to start?  Should I add only built out foundation so that the bees have ready storage? 

    Resources

    Mitigating the Threat Your Bees Pose to Others: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/29,-May-2016,-Mitigating-the-Threat-Your-Bees-Pose-to-Others,-low-res.pdf 

    Choosing an Apiary Site: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/9,-September-2014,-Choosing-Apiary-Site,-low-res.pdf 

    Best Management Practices: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/aa137  

    Bill Hesbach and Winter Management: https://www.beeculture.com/winter-management/ 

  • Episode 49:  Social Media & Rules and Regulations

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, released on March 11, 2021, we are joined by Ian Steppler, who discusses his commercial beekeeping and his large social media platform. In the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the rules and regulations of beekeeping. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.

    Q&A

    1. Why is swarm control simportant other than for high honey yields and preventing being pests to others? 
    2. How do I prevent mosquito breeding in my water sources without changing/agitating the water every couple of days? Should I utilize mosquito fish, or would they bother the bees? 
    3. What’s the best method of storing supers and deep frames season to season?

    Resources

    Rules and regulations:

    Field Guide to Beekeeping: Beekeeping Rules and Regulations

    https://www.fdacs.gov/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Bureaus-and-Services/Plant-and-Apiary-Inspection/Apiary-Inspection 

    A Canadian Beekeeper’s Blog: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCkQVs6-xm3mVNdwW4Zt8McQ 

    Honey Bee Swarming: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in874 

    Supers: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/11,-November-2014,-Assembling-Supers,-low-res.pdf 

  • Episode 48: Extension & Time Dedication to Beekeeping

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, we are joined by Randall Cass from Iowa State University, who will be discussing his role in extension and outreach, including providing beekeeping information to predominately Spanish-speaking communitiesIn the 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy discuss the time dedication required for beekeeping depending on the number hives and season. This episode is concluded with a Q&A segment.  

    Q&A

    1. I am preparing for the spring and currently have a single deep. Eventually I would like to have one deep and one medium. When should I put the medium on? Or is something else recommended? Also, if plan on adding a queen excluder and another medium super, would add both the medium boxes at the same time? 
    2. Can you explain what you mean when you say you are “dissecting” a hive? 
    3. If I have a large hive with a small Varroa load, should I use a hard control to target the small percentage of Varroa, or should I use a soft control to maybe stress the bees less, or does it not make a difference?  

    Resources

    Randall Cass’s e-mail: randall@iastate.edu 

    Randall Cass’s Instagram: @iowastatebees 

    Varroa Decision Guide: https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/varroatool/ 

    Beekeeping Time Dedication: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in848  

  • Episode 47: Cape Honey Bees & Benefits of Starting Colonies with a Nuc

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, we are joined by Dr. Madeleine Beekman from the University of Sydney, who will be discussing Cape honey bees and worker policing. In the 5 Minute Management segment, we will be discussing the benefits of starting a colony with a nuc. This episode will be ended with a Q&A segment.  

    Q&A

    1. Do nematodes survive in the winter? What do nematodes have to do with honey bees? 
    2. Is there a way to extend a nectar flow? What are some heavy-duty nectar producers that can be grown in pots? 
    3. Could a hobbyist beekeeper successfully integrate any of these tolerant and/or hygienic genetics into their apiaries?  

    Resources

    Madeleine Beekman: https://www.sydney.edu.au/science/about/our-people/academic-staff/madeleine-beekman.html

    Worker Policing: https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2005.0294 

    Cape bee: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2593727/ 

    Nematodes and Small Hive Beetles: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in854 

  • Episode 46: Kim Flottum & Starting Colonies with Packages of Bees

    In this episode of Two Bees in a Podcast, we are joined by Kim Flottum, the former Editor of Bee Culture magazine, who continuously gets information out about bees through numerous podcasts and books. In our 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy will focus on starting colonies with packages of beesWe end today’s episode  with a Q&A segment. 

    Q&A

    1. Can a queen excluder be used if it is rusted? How can the rust be removed safely? 
    2. Do queens lay different sized eggs in different cell types? What is the cell size difference? 
    3. If you are able to capture a swarm that happens before the honey flow, is it possible to return some of the workers back to the parent hive?

    Resources

    Kim Flottum: https://www.beeculture.com/kim-flottum-bee-culture-editor/ 

    Beekeeping Today Podcast: https://www.beekeepingtodaypodcast.com/ 

    Honey Bee Obscura: https://www.honeybeeobscura.com/ 

    2 Million Blossoms: https://www.beekeepingtodaypodcast.com/2-million-blossoms-kirsten-traynor-s2-e09/ 

    Honey Bee Swarming: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in874 

  • Episode 45: Suppressed in Ovo Virus Infection & Necessary Beekeeping Equipment for Beginners

    In this episode, we are joined by Professor Dirk de Graaf from Ghent University, who discusses suppressed in ovo virus infection (SOV). In our 5 Minute Management segment, Jamie and Amy will discuss the beekeeping equipment that is necessary for getting started in beekeeping. This episode is ended with a Q&A segment.  

    Q&A

    1. Has there been any research to determine if moving an egg is a honey bee behavior?
    2. Honey bees rob each other for different resources. Would it be possible for honey bees to rob eggs from different colonies?
    3. What do you think about using a leaf blower to remove bees from honey supers? Is this harmful to bees or is there another method that you prefer to remove bees from honey supers?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Professor Dirk de Graaf: https://biblio.ugent.be/person/800000008061 

    Scientific Reports: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-71388-x 

    Beekeeping Equipment: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/beekeeping-equipment/ 

    Robbing Behavior in Honey Beeshttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1064 

  • Episode 44: Local Honey Bees in the UK & Foundation Type Pros & Cons

    In this episode, we are joined by Norman Carreck, a beekeeper from the UK and Carreck Consultancy, who discusses local honey bees and adaptation. This is followed by our 5 Minute Management section, where Jamie and Amy discuss the pros and cons of the different types of foundation. We end this episode with Q&A.  

    Q&A

    1. One day, I check my hives and everything looks good. The next day, there are hundreds of dead bees on the bottom screen and the ground outside of the hive. What causethis? Where can I have an autopsy done? 
    2. My equipment came into contact with a Raid fumigator. Can it still be used if it is aired out for a while? 
    3. We know that a colony will replace their queen if she is "damaged".  Has any research been done on what constitutes damage?  If I clip a queen's wing, is she more likely to be perceived as damaged? 

    Notes and additional resources 

    Norman Carreckhttps://profiles.sussex.ac.uk/p230460-norman-carreck 

    British Beekeeping Association: https://www.bbka.org.uk/find-beekeeping-near-you 

    COLOSS: https://coloss.org/ 

    The BeeMDhttp://www.thebeemd.com/ 

  • Episode 43: Temperature Stress of Queen Quality and Types of Foundation

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Alison McAfee from NC State University, who discusses the impact of temperature stress on queen honey bee quality. This is followed by our 5 Minute Management section, where Jamie and Amy discuss the different types of foundation. We end this episode with Q&A.  

    Q&A

    1. Have there been any research to show that red lights in the hive control small hive beetle?
    2. Are there any scientific studies concerning the claim that pollen present in raw honey can relieve allergy symptoms?
    3. Have there been any studies regarding drone numbers near commercial queen-mating yards vs. drone numbers in a similar ecosystem without mating nucs?
    4. Are there recommendations for the number of drone source colonies per number of mating nucs in an area?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Alison McAfee: https://cals.ncsu.edu/entomology-and-plant-pathology/people/amcafee/ 

    Vulnerability of honey bee queens to heat-induced loss of fertility: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-020-0493-x?utm_medium=affiliate&utm_source=commission_junction&utm_campaign=3_nsn6445_deeplink_PID100011630&utm_content=deeplink 

    Beekeeping Equipment: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/beekeeping-equipment/ 

    Small Hive Beetle: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in854 

    Honey and Health: http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/osceolaco/2018/06/06/honey/ 

    Honey Bee Mating Biology: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/24,-December-2015,-Mating-Biology,-low-res.pdf 

  • Episode 42: Introducing a New Format & Discussing Pesticides

    In today’s episode, we are joined by Ben Powell, apiculture and pollinator protection specialist from Clemson University, who will be discussing pesticides and their impacts on honey bees. Next, Jamie has 5 minutes to break down today’s management topic: properly storing unused equipment. We will end today’s episode with everybody’s favorite question and answer segment, Stump the Chump.  

    Q&A

    1. Most people are constrained by space- in an ideal world, what would be the ultimate distance between hives to mitigate disease transmission, robbing and drifting?
    2. My colonies of Russian strains dramatically shut down on brood and size when pollen and nectar sources are slow. What causes this colony size decrease?
    3. Can a laying queen immediately be placed into a queen-less colony?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Ben Powell: https://www.clemson.edu/cafls/faculty_staff/profiles/bpowel2 

    South Carolina State Beekeepers Association: https://scstatebeekeepers.com/ 

    Minimizing Honey Bee Exposure to Pesticideshttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1027 

    Mosquito Control and Beekeepers: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in813 

    Protecting Bees and Other Pollinators from Pesticideshttps://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection 

    Robbing behavior: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1064 

    Bee Pest Management: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_bee_ipm 

  • Episode 41: Honey Bee Pheromones and How to Provide Extension Program Feedback

    In this episode, Amy and Jamie will dedicate an entire segment to how you, our listeners, can help us improve this podcast; but first, we will be joined by Dr. Victoria Soroker who will be discussing pheromonal communication in honey bees. Finally, we end with everyone’s favorite game show, Stump the Chump.

    Q&A

    1. How do you differentiate between uncapped honey not ready for harvest and uncapped honey that is ready?
    2. What is it about the taste of honey that tells you it has fermented?
    3. Is honey considered a liquid or solid in the mail? 

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. Victoria Soroker: https://www.agri.gov.il/people/767.aspx

    Olfaction as a Target for Control of Varroa: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333156122_Olfaction_as_a_Target_for_Control_of_Honeybee_Parasite_Mite_Varroa_destructor

    COLOSS: https://coloss.org/

    Bottling, Labeling and Selling Honey in Florida: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in918

  • Episode 40: Pesticide Applicator Training & Viruses, Bacteria, and Fungal Pathogens

    In today’s episode we will be interviewing Dr. Andony Melathopoulos from Oregon State University who will discuss pesticide applicator training. We will follow that with a segment where Amy and Jamie discuss honey bee viruses, bacteria and fungal pathogens. We end with Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. By the end of October, why does my hive dwindle down to a handful of bees? 
    2. Do Slovenian and top-bar constructions offer an advantage from an inspection standpoint? 
    3. One of my 40 hives is being robbed heavily. What do I need to do? 

    Notes and additional resources 

    Andony Melathopoulos:https://agsci.oregonstate.edu/users/andony-melathopoulos 

    Minimizing honey bee exposure to pesticides: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1027 

    Protecting bees and other pollinators from pesticides: https://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection 

    Robbing behavior in honey beeshttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1064 

    Biotic stressors of honey bee colonies:  

    http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/31,-July-2016,-Biotic-Stressors-of-Honey-Bees,-low-res.pdf 

    Diseases and pests of the honey bee:  

    http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/AA09000-Pests-and-Diseases.pdf 

  • Episode 39: USDA Honey Bee Lab in Baton Rouge & World Honey Bee Health

    In this episode we will be interviewing Dr. Mike Simone-Finstrom, acting research leader at the USDA honey bee breeding, genetics, and physiology lab in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. We will follow that by interviewing our very own, Dr. Humberto Boncristiani, from the HBREL on the World Honey Bee Health project. We end this episode with Q&A.      

    Q&A

    1. Will an unmated queen leave with a swarm?
    2. Is it safe to use bamboo to make equipment for honey bees?
    3. Is a stinger both an ovipositor and a stinger, or does something change?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Mike Simone-Finstrom:https://www.ars.usda.gov/southeast-area/baton-rouge-la/honeybeelab/people/mike-simone-finstrom

    Russian Honey Bee Breeders Association: http://www.russianbreeder.org/ 

    HumbertoBoncristiani:http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/about-us/people/ 

    World Honey Bee Health: http://worldhoneybeehealth.com/ 

    Swarm Control for Managed Beehives: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in970  

  • Episode 38: Hive on Public Land and How Honey Bees Choose New Sites

    In this episode, we are joined by Eric Silvaa consultant for the American Honey Producers Association who will be talking about keeping honey bee colonies on public land. Then, we will interview Dr. Tom Seeley, a professor at Cornell University and world expert on honey bee swarm biology, who will be discussing how honey bees choose nest sites. We end this episode with Q&A.    

    Q&A

    1. How do I know if where I live is a good place for making honey?
    2. Why do four of my hives consistently have more Varroa than the others, despite receiving the same treatment?
    3. Do queen excluders cause bees to die more quickly? Why do some people call them "honey excluders"?

    Notes and additional resources 

    American Honey Producers Association: https://www.ahpanet.com/ 

    Thomas Seeley:https://nbb.cornell.edu/thomas-seeley

    Thomas D. Seeley Website: http://pages.nbb.cornell.edu/seeley.shtml 

    The Lives of Bees, Dr. Tom Seeley: https://www.amazon.com/Lives-Bees-Untold-Story-Honey/dp/0691166765 

    Honeybee Democracy, Dr. Tom Seeley: https://www.amazon.com/Honeybee-Democracy-Thomas-D-Seeley/dp/0691147213 

  • Episode 37: History of the Honey Industry & Arthropod Invaders

    In this episode, we are joined by Doug McGinnis, former owner of Tropical Blossom Honey, who is an expert on the history of the honey industry and importing and exporting honey. Then, Amy will interview Jamie on arthropod invaders in honey bee colonies. We end this episode with Q&A.  

    Q&A

    1. How do you limit the growth of a colony?
    2. When should I add a honey super in Florida during fall?
    3. Is it possible to pay for a type of honey bee that has traits which can reduce the need to treat for Varroa?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Southern United States Trade Association (SUSTA): https://www.susta.org/ 

    Bottling, Labeling, and Selling Honey in Florida: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in918 

    Diseases and Pests of the Honey Bee: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/media/entnemdeptifasufledu/honeybee/pdfs/AA09000-Pests-and-Diseases.pdf 

    Florida Beekeeping Management Calendar: https://www.fdacs.gov/Divisions-Offices/Plant-Industry/Bureaus-and-Services/Office-Locations/Apiary-Inspector-Directory 

  • Episode 36: Drone Congregation Areas & Queen Bee Production in Europe

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Ashley Mortenson from Plant and Food Research in New Zealand, who will be talking about drone congregation areas. Then we will interview Dr. Raffaele Dall’Olio, an independent honey bee research and extension specialist in Italy, who will be discussing queen bee production in Europe. We end this episode with Q&A.  

    Q&A

    1. What is the significant of the three honeycomb pattern on your logo?
    2. Why don't we hear more about essential oils to assist with diseases, Varroa, or small hive beetle?
    3. Do drones have the ability to produce wax? Do they have wax glands?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Segment 1

    Ashley Mortenson Bio: https://www.researchgate.net/scientific-contributions/2029829747-Ashley-N-Mortensen 

    Photos: https://photos.app.goo.gl/oHVDNbDyXr8GDHNn8 

    NZ Plant and Food Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/plantandfood/ 

    NZ Plant and Food Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/plantandfood  

    NZ Plant and Food Twitter: https://twitter.com/plantandfood 

    Varroa on drones at DCA’s: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00436-018-6035-z 

    Apis mellifera scutellata drones at regional mating areas: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0161331

    Segment 2

    Dr. Raffaele Dall'Olio: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Raffaele_DallOlio

    Dr. Raffaele Dall’Olio: https://coloss.org/profile/913/ 

    Bee Breed: www.BeeBreed.eu 

    Effects of shipping on queen quality: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340045709_Effect_of_shipping_boxes_attendant_bees_and_temperature_on_honey_bee_queen_sperm_quality_Apis_mellifera 

    International Honey Bee Breeding Network: https://ihbbn.org/ 

    COLOSS: http://coloss.org/what-we-do/ 

    Supressed mite reproduction (SMR) explained by the behaviour of adult bees: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00218839.2005.11101141 

    Locally adapted honey bee breeding: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335777659_IHBBN_reducing_colony_losses_by_breeding_locally_adapted_honey_bees  

    Impacts of neonicotinoids on queens: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283955459_Field_assessment_of_impacts_of_different_neonicotinoids_on_honey_bee_queens_and_drones 

  • Episode 35: Natural Varroa-Resistant Honey Bees and Small Hive Beetles

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Steve Martin, a professor from the University of Salford in the United Kingdom, who will be discussing his research on natural varroa-resistant honey bees. This will be followed by a segment where Cameron interviews Jamieon small hive beetles. We end this episode with Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. When do queen bees and nurse bees sleep or rest? How do bees tell the difference between night and day if it's dark in the hive?
    2. Are there winter bees in the south? What makes a winter bee develop differently in the north versus the south?
    3. Have direct-fed probiotics been studied for Nosema control?

    Notes and additional resources 

    BBKA News - Natural Varroa-Resistant Honey Bees: https://www.bbka.org.uk/shop/bbka-special-edition-natural-varroa-resistant-honey-bees-new 

    Varroa destructor reproduction and cell re-capping in mite-resistant Apis mellifera populations: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13592-019-00721-9 

    Small Hive Beetle Resources: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/pest-and-disease-resources/small-hive-beetles 

  • Episode 34: Drone Congregation Areas and Nosema

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Ben Oldroyd, a professor from the University of Sydney in Australia, who will be discussing his new research on the use of drones at drone congregation areas to estimate the density of wild honey bee colonies. This will be followed by an interview with Dr. Cameron Jack from the University of Florida, who is an expert on Nosema. We end this episode with Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. Is it wrong to install honey supers on a colony during mite treatment?
    2. I've tried the Demaree method, but the bees keep filling back in the empty brood frames of honey so I end up with half-filled frames and then nothing to return down to the brood chamber. Is there a way to prevent this?
    3. When working Africanized bees, people will breathe through a 50ft tube to avoid producing carbon dioxide so that the bees don't know they're coming. This is common?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. Benjamin P. Oldroyd Publications

    Assessing the Density of Honey Bee Colonies at Ecosystem Scales

    Estimating the density of honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies

    The density of feral honey bee colonies in South East Australia

    Swarm Control for Managed Beehiveshttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in970 

  • Episode 33: Varroa Sensitive Hygiene & Various Beekeeping Climates

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Jeff Harris from Mississippi State University, an expert on Varroa Sensitive Hygiene traits. This is followed by a segment where Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss overwintering colonies in different climates. We end this episode with Q&A.

    Q&A

    1. Has there been any research on combining two or more different chemical treatments at the same time to treat Varroa?
    2. If the daughter of a non-local queen has survived a season, does that mean she's been adapted to the colony?
    3. Are there more than one type of Varroa? Do they look the same?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. Jeff Harris

    Bee Informed Partnership

    Honey Bee Health Coalition Varroa Control

    Varroa species comparison

  • Episode 32: Generational & Commercial Beekeeping

    In this episode, we are joined by Logan Cutts to talk about his experience as a fifth-generation beekeeper. This is followed by a segment where Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss the commercial beekeeping industry. We end this episode with Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. What's the deal with Manuka honey? Why is it so fancy, and why do people want it?
    2. Should we keep bees in the sun or the shade? Where is the best placement, and should the entrances be faced in a certain direction?
    3. Can bees survive in observation hives? Does the placement of these hives matter?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Industry Updates for Florida Beekeepers

    Economic Value of Commercial Beekeeping

    Getting to Know Commercial Beekeepers

    Revenue Sources for a Commercial Beekeeping Operation in the Pacific Northwest

    Operational Equipment Expenses for a Commercial Beekeeping Operation in the Pacific Northwest

    Keeping Bees in Florida

    Beekeeper Registration in Florida

  • Episode 31: Scout Bees & Bee Stings

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Juliana Rangel to talk about scout bees. This is followed by a segment where Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss bee stings. We end this episode with Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. Can sugar water go bad?
    2. Do we remove supers to prevent amitraz contamination?
    3. When a commercial beekeeper is loading a pallet of hives, what are the bees doing?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. Juliana Rangel

    Bee Stings: 

    https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ig099 

    https://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00004422/00001 

  • Episode 30: 2019-2020 BIP Colony Loss Survey and Queen Bees

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. Geoff Williams to discuss the 2020 Bee Informed Partnership (BIP) preliminary survey. Then Amy and Jamie talk about queen bees.

    Q&A

    1. When removing supers, should burr comb be melted and applied to frames to encourage honey bees to building into that super?
    2. What are "zom-bees"?
    3. I heard foundationless frames made smaller work bees, which led to less Varroa. Is this true?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Geoff Williams

    BIP Loss and Management Survey

    Queens

  • Episode 29: Quality Queens and the Top Honey Bee Stressors

    In this episode, we are joined by Dr. David Tarpy to learn what it means to have quality queen bees and about his Queen and Disease Clinic at North Carolina State University. Then Amy and Jamie discuss the biggest stressors that honey bee colonies face according to the Bee Informed Partnership. We end with a Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. I harvested my honey and there are a lot of bubbles. Is this OK or should I wait before putting a lid on it?
    2. What kind of hive stand is the best?
    3. Would it be OK if I got rid of deeps and used a different size hive box?

    Notes and additional resources 

    David Tarpy

    Queen and Disease Clinic

    Bee Informed Partnership

  • Episode 28: Queen Polyandry and the Label is the Law

    In this episode we speak with Dr. Keith Delaplane about queen mating behavior. For the second segment, Dr. Ellis and Amy discuss the role of labels and how to interpret them, and we finish up with Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. Is there a way to control mold in a hive?
    2. How can you tell the difference between wax moths and small hive beetle larva?
    3. How do you deal with high moisture content in your honey?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. Keith Delaplane

    Honey Bee Breeding: Fact or Fiction?

    Pesticide Labeling

    Introduction to Pesticide Labels

  • Episode 27: Black Bee Honey

    In this episode we speak to Black Bee Honey, a non-profit organization aiming to turn ‘food deserts to food oases,’ and encourage young entrepreneurs. The first segment describes how they provide youth the opportunity to learn about entrepreneurshipIn the second segment, we go more in depth into how this program was developed and how you can begin one in your area. 

    Q&A

    1. Is honey safe to eat when pregnant? Can bacteria in honey cause botulism? Does the bacteria affect the bees?
    2. Why do queens have different colored abdomens?
    3. Why do bees sometimes exhibit behavior or wash boarding?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Black Bee Honey 

    https://www.blackbeehoneyhq.com/Home 

    https://www.blackbeehoneyhq.com/About-PKZ 

    Q&A resources 

    Infant Botulism and Honey

    Wash Boarding

  • Episode 26: Women in Beekeeping

    In this episode we are joined by Dr. Tammy Potter to discuss the role of women in beekeeping. Then we speak with Dr. Jennifer Tsuruda about what it means to be an Extension Specialist, her programs in Tennessee, and some emerging topics in the honey bee world. 

    Q&A

    1. When moving a hive, is it true that you need to move them 'two feet a day or two miles away'?
    2. How can we incorprate integrated pest management when using a top bar hive?
    3. Are there any essential oils we should not be using in the hive that attract small hive beetle?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Tammy Potter:

    https://www.beeculture.com/tammy-horn-potter/  

    https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/bees-in-america-tammy-horn/1100312731 

    https://www.amazon.com/Flower-Power-Establishing-Pollinator-Habitat/dp/187807556X 

    https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/about-the-coalition/ 

    https://www.projectapism.org/pam-board-of-directors.html 

    https://www.easternapiculture.org/about-eas/eas-contacts.html 

     

    Jennifer Tsuruda:

    https://epp.tennessee.edu/people/directory/dr-jennifer-tsuruda/ 

    https://epp.tennessee.edu/masterbee/ 

  • Episode 25: Queen 'Duets' and the Story of Honey Bee History

    In this episode we discuss recent research conducted by lead scientist, Dr. Martin Bencsik, who studied honey bee queen ’duets’. Then we hear from Dr. Malcolm Sanford, professor emeritus from the University of Florida, about his research and career experiences.  

    Q&A

    1. What does it mean when beekeepers are 'treatment free'?
    2. Is Amdro safe to use around hives?
    3. How many dead bees is enough to cause concern?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. Martin Bencsik:https://www.ntu.ac.uk/staff-profiles/science-technology/martin-bencsik 

    Queen bees ‘toot’ to instruct colony to keep them safe  

    https://www.ntu.ac.uk/about-us/news/news-articles/2020/06/queen-bees-toot-to-instruct-colony-to-keep-them-safe 

    Dr. Malcolm Sanfordhttp://apisenterprises.com/vita.htm 

    Apis Enterprises: http://apisenterprises.com/apis_ent.htm 

    Apis Information Resource News: https://beekeep.info/apis-newsletter 

    What Scientists and Beekeepers Want: https://beekeep.info/a-treatise-on-modern-honey-bee-management/bee-research-what-scientists-and-beekeepers-want/ 

    The State of Bee Science: http://apisenterprises.com/papers_htm/BC2006/The%20State%20of%20Bee%20Research.htm 

    Video with Humberto: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzMvo1IUOsOfUrz-PIKi7d9gKKUA6NWP9 

    Books for Malcolm T. Sanford: https://www.workman.com/authors/malcolm-t-sanford 

  • Episode 24: BeeMD and Honey Labeling Guidelines

    In this episode we discuss BeeMD with Dr. Dewey Caron and Dr. Debbie Delaney. Then we hear from Chris Hiatt, the vice president of the American Honey Producers Association (AHPA) to discuss AHPA, some of their initiatives, including a hot topic in the commercial beekeeping industry: honey labeling guidelines. 

    Q&A

    1. Is there a resistance to amitraz?
    2. What does it mean when beekeepers talk about mite resistance or Varroa sensitivity?
    3. Where would someone find queens who are resistant to certain problems?

    Notes and additional resources 

    BeeMD: http://www.thebeemd.com/  

    Dewey Caron:http://blogs.oregonstate.edu/pollinationpodcast/2017/10/23/dr-dewey-m-caron/

    Debbie Delaney:https://www.udel.edu/canr/departments/entomology-and-wildlife-ecology/faculty-staff/debbie-delaney/

    American Honey Producers Association (AHPA): https://www.ahpanet.com/about-ahpa 

    AHPA App: https://www.ahpanet.com/latest-news 

    Chris Hiatt: https://www.ahpanet.com/officers-executive-board 

  • Episode 23: Best Management Practices and Factors That Determine a Worker vs a Queen

    In this episode we discuss the five best and worst commercial beekeeping management practices with Dan Aruell and Matt Hoepfinger from the Bee Informed Partnership (BIP). Then we hear from Dr. Julia Bowsher, to learn about her research on the factors that determine whether a female larvae will become a worker or queen bee.  

    Q&A

    1. I have a hive with screen bottom boards. I coat the plastic bottom boards with oil to collect 'all the good stuff'. I've heard of others who use diatomaceous earth. What are the pros and cons of diatomaceous earth?
    2. How does someone recognize forage resources around them and are there resources for determing what kind of forage is around you? Are there quantitative measures?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Bee Informed Partnership (BIP) https://beeinformed.org/about/ 

    Dan and Matt’s Bio: https://beeinformed.org/about/staff/ 

    Julia Bowsher Lab Page:https://www.ndsu.edu/pubweb/~jbowsher/BowsherLab/Home.html

    Royal Jelly Does Not A Queen Make https://www.insidescience.org/news/royal-jelly-does-not-queen-make 

  • Episode 22: Blue Calamintha and ‘Found in Translation’

    In this episode we discuss the re-discovery of the blue calamintha bee with Dr. Chase Kimmel. Then we hear from Dr. Jay Evans, to learn about his column, Found in Translation Episode 22 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How do you deal with bull ants?
    2. I just installed a package of bees into a new hive, the queen is in her cage with a sugar cork. The bees are clustering on the outside of the nest entrance and the cluster is getting bigger. What should I do?
    3. What qualifies someone as a beginner, intermediate, or advanced beekeeper?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Blue calamintha bee: 

    https://www.prevention.com/life/a32613640/rare-blue-calamintha-bees-florida/ 

    https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/daniels-lab/chase-kimmel/ 

    Found in Translation

    Bee Optimism

    Additional Information on Ants: 

    Two Bees in a Podcast: Even Though I'm an Entomologist, I'm Not an "Ant"omologist

    https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1181 

  • Episode 21: USDA Research Labs and State Beekeeping Associations

    In this episode we hear from Dr. Jay Evans, and learn about the role of USDA Bee Research Laboratories and what they do for beekeepers. This is followed by a discussion with Jennifer Holmes, the Florida State Beekeepers Association president, on state beekeeper associations. Episode 21 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. After I work my bees, I smell like smoke the rest of the day. Is there a trick to removing smoke?
    2. When you first receive a package, I've been told that I should seal the entrance for the first day or two, is this true?
    3. Several times in a few weeks, I've seen small swarms head out over water and then return. When we captured the swarm, there was no queen, but the bees began to return to their hive. Have you seen this behavior before?

    Notes and additional resources 

    USDA Research Labs 

    Baton Rouge, LA : 

    https://www.ars.usda.gov/southeast-area/baton-rouge-la/honeybeelab/ 

    Beltsville, MD: 

    https://www.ars.usda.gov/northeast-area/beltsville-md-barc/beltsville-agricultural-research-center/bee-research-laboratory/ 

    Logan, UT: 

    https://www.ars.usda.gov/pacific-west-area/logan-ut/pollinating-insect-biology-management-systematics-research/ 

    Tucson, AZ: 

    https://www.ars.usda.gov/pacific-west-area/tucson-az/carl-hayden-bee-research-center/ 

     

    State Beekeeper Associations 

    https://flstatebeekeepers.com/ 

    https://www.abfnet.org/general/custom.asp?page=florida 

    https://www.abfnet.org/ 

    National, regional, and state associations: 

    https://www.honeytraveler.com/honey-by-country-region/united-states/united-states-beekeeping-associations/ 

     

  • Episode 20: The Role of Florida Farm Bureau Federation and Mosquito Control

    In this episode we discuss the role of Florida Farm Bureau Federation and their relationship with apiculture. In the second segment of this podcast episode, we speak with Caitlin Gill from the Florida Department of Agriculture, about mosquito control for beekeepers. 

    Q&A

    1. What are things that beekeepers can do to prevent mosquitoes?
    2. What ratio do you recommend for sugar water, and why?
    3. I have a split that didn't re-queen. I added a new frame of eggs, there is an empty queen cell but no sign of her. It is poorly populated... is it a loss?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Florida Farm Bureau Federation

    Mosquito Control

    https://www.fdacs.gov/Business-Services/Mosquito-Control 

    https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in813 

    http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/entnemdept/2017/09/22/mosquito-control-florida-beekeepers/ 

  • Episode 19: Social Immunity and Swarms

    In this episode we are joined by Distinguished McKnight Professor, Dr. Marla Spivak, to learn about social immunity. Amy and Jamie have a discussion on swarms, and we wrap up with Q&A.

    Q&A

    1. How soon should I put a honey super on a newly split ten frame hive?
    2. Can you tell us about treating for mites prophylactically?
    3. Are supers safe to reuse if they have tested positive for European foulbrood in the past?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. Marla Spivak

    Propolis

    European Foulbrood 

    https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1272 

    https://beeinformed.org/2013/04/05/european-foulbrood-efb-identification/ 

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05tCHtUyNHM 

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wyiaV222JoQ 

  • Episode 18: Honey Bee Friendly Landscaping and Equipment Tips and Tricks

    In this episode we are joined by UF IFAS Extension Lake County Agent, Brooke Moffisto learn about landscaping for bees. We wrap up this episode with a discussion on commonly asked question about specific beekeeping equipment such as woodenware and bottom boards. 

    Q&A

    1. How did beetles find my hive only hours after installing them?
    2. What are small cell foundations? 
    3. What is the best way to move frames in a hive without crushing the queen? 

    Notes and additional resources 

    Brooke Moffis

    Landscaping for Honey Bees

    Beekeeping Equipment

  • Asian Giant Hornet Special: Truths and Myths about Vespa mandarinia

    In this episode we are joined by Chris Looney, Entomologist for the Washington State Department of Agriculture, who discusses the current situation surrounding the Asian giant hornet. 

    Notes and additional resources 

    Washington State Department of Agriculture

    Asian Giant Hornet Information

    FAQ

    Vespa mandarinia Featured Creatures

    Asian Giant Hornet EDIS

    Other resources

    Vespa velutina

  • Episode 17: Beekeeping in Barbados and a Look into the Use of Oxalic Acid

    In this episode we are joined by David Small, who discusses his experiences and knowledge of beekeeping in the Caribbean and how Varroa have affected the industry. We wrap up this episode with Dr. Cameron Jack, who’s segment focuses on the use of oxalic acid as a pest management tool 

    Q&A

    1. Should you select and remove drones? 
    2. Do drones take resources away from the larvae? 
    3. Can you get different sizes of drone within your colony? 

    Notes and additional resources 

    David Smalls

    Varroa

    http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/pest-and-disease-resources/varroa/

    https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in855 

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5vVrAy6CEU 

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U6HyBbs9454&feature=youtu.be 

    https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/varroa/ 

    Dr. Cameron Jack

    Efficacy of Oxalic Acid Vaporization

  • Episode 16: When You Have Competition, It Raises the Quality of a Product

    In this episode we are joined by Michael Young, who discusses Honey Judging, and we wrap up Bill Kern's pest series with a conversation about miscellaneous pests.

    Q&A

    1. What are books and resources for beekeepers?
    2. Can you combine frames from two hives to make one walkaway split?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Michael Young

    UF/IFAS Honey Judge Program

    Dr. Bill Kern

    Bee Pests

    Jamie's References

    Honey Bees and Beekeeping: A Year in the Life of an Apiary

    Storey's Guide to Keeping Bees

    The Beekeeper's Handbook

    Honey Bee Biology and Beekeeping

    The Backyard Beekeeper: An Absolute Beginner's Guide to Keeping Bees in Your Yard and Garden

    The Hive and the Honey Bee

    ABC & Xyz of Bee Culture: An Encyclopedia of Beekeeping

  • COVID-19 Special: Updates on the Beekeeping Industry

    In this very special episode, we discuss the effects of COVID-19 on beekeepers and how it connects with our food system. We are joined by Jason Mathis from Florida Farm Bureau, and Tony Hogg who is a beekeeper and the chair of the Apiary Advisory committee for the Florida Farm Bureau.

    Notes and additional resources 

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

    Tony Hogg

    Jason Mathis

    Florida Farm to You

  • Episode 15: Popular Beekeeping Journals

    In this episode we discuss available resources and beekeeping journals by editors around the country: Eugene Makovec, the editor of American Bee Journal, and Jerry Hayes, the editor of Bee Culture (who has a little surprise for our podcast listeners!).

    Q&A

    1. Why doesn’t the Africanized honey bee gene pool get watered down?
    2. Is checking a hive once a week (or more) bad for the colony?
    3. What to do about swarms?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Eugene Makovec: American Bee Journal

    Jerry Hayes: Bee Culture

    Differences Between European and African Honey Bees

    Time Commitment Associated with Keeping Bees

    Swarms

  • Episode 14: Once a Bear Finds an Apiary, It Will Keep Going Back

    We are accompanied by Sarah Red-Laird, the founder and executive director of The Bee Girl Organization, to talk about bee nutrition, forage, and regenerative agriculture, we will be continuing our Apiary Pest discussion with Bill Kern talking about bears, and Q&A.

    Q&A

    1. Should you bottom super or top super? If you bottom super, what’s the order to do that?
    2. Is there any information on Azaleas and honey bees?
    3. I have honey bees in my tree. What can I do to remove them?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Sarah Red-Laird

    Bee Girl

    Ted Talk

    Habitat installation Guide

    Dr. William Kern

    Florida Bears and Beekeepers

    Florida Black Bear Management

  • Episode 13: Top 10 Tips for Beekeepers

    In this episode, Dave Westervelt discusses the history of beekeeping, we continue our pest series with Dr. Kern discussing wasps, and Dr. Ellis lists his top ten tips for beekeepers.

    Q&A

    1. Can you smoke bees too much?
    2. How does the hive keep a balance between drones and workers?
    3. Can the queen lay different types of eggs?

    Notes and additional resources 

    David Westervelt

    Dr. Bill Kern

    Wasps and Bees

    Dr. Jamie Ellis

    Jamie's Top 10 Tips (Page '34')

  • Episode 12: Scientifically Rigorous Information

    Interviews with key members of the International Bee Research Association, including Professor Dr. William Kirk, discussing the history of IBRA, Dr. Robert Brodschneider, the editor of the journal Bee World, and Dr. Maria Bouga, the editor of the Journal of Apicultural Research. Jamie and Cameron include a synopsis of what it means to publish academic research.

    Q&A

    1. Why should we care about the honey bee gut?
    2. What are super sisters?
    3. What is the difference between orientation flights, swarming, and robbing?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Dr. William Kirk 

    International Bee Research Association

    IBRA Introductory Leaflet

    COLOSS

    Dr. Robert Brodschneider

    Bee World

    Dr. Maria Bouga

    Journal of Apicultural Research

  • Episode 11: Even Though I'm an Entomologist, I'm Not an “Ant”omologist

    An interview with 2020 American Honey Princess, Sydnie Paulsrud, about the American Beekeeping Federation and the Honey Queen Program, followed by Bill Kern beginning our “Pests in the Apiary” series with a discussion about ants, and Q&A.

    Q&A

    1. How many hives are needed per acre in almond pollination?
    2. Are top bar hives a better choice for bee health?
    3. When should a beekeeper be worried about hive beetles?

    Notes and additional resources 

    American Honey Princess

    Honey Queen Program and Brochures 

    Dr. Bill Kern

    Ants in the Apiary

    Almond Pollination

    Top Bar Hives

    Small Hive Beetle

     

  • Episode 10: Honey Bees Are Animals and They Deserve to Be in Good Health

    An interview with Dr. Meghan Milbrath about European foulbrood, followed by a discussion with Dr. Milbrath about Honey Bee Treatments, Dr. Bill Kern talks about Africanized Honey Bees, and we finish with Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. I treated my colonies for Varroa, and about two months afterward, I started seeing Varroa again and my bees had deformed wing virus. What happened?
    2. Do honey bees dislike bananas?
    3. Why do you have to pay for bee removal?

    Notes and additional resources 

    European Foul Brood
    Milbrathhttps://www.canr.msu.edu/people/meghan_milbrath 
    EFB Bee Informed Partnership: https://beeinformed.org/2013/04/05/european-foulbrood-efb-identification/ 
    European Foulbrood: A Bacterial Disease Affecting Honey Bee Brood: https://impact.extension.org/extension-articles/ 

    Treatment
    Diagnosis of Honey Bee Diseases: https://www.beelab.umn.edu/sites/beelab.umn.edu/files/_2016_disease_pdf_version_s.pdf 

    Africanized Honey Bees
    Kern: https://flrec.ifas.ufl.edu/faculty/william-kern/
    African Honey Bee, Africanized Honey Bee, Killer Bee, Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in790 
    Differences Between European and African Honey Beeshttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in784 

     

  • Episode 9: The First Responders in Bee Health Issues

    A discussion with the Florida Assistant Bureau Chief of Apiary Inspection, Brandi Stanford, an interview with pollination ecology expert, Dr. Rachel Mallinger, and Q&A.

    Q&A

    1. Logan Cutts wants to know, how many retweets until you will let him do a bee-beard at Bee College?
    2. How long can mites survive after the colony dies?
    3. How many mites can be eliminated with a brood break?
    4. Do some people still consider honey bees an invasive species?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Rules and Regulations: https://www.fdacs.gov/Agriculture-Industry/Bees-Apiary/Apiary-Inspection 

    Mallinger Lab http://www.rachelmallinger.com/ 

     

  • Episode 8: Commercial Beekeeping… One Day at a Time, One Issue at a Time

    An interview with Dr. Josette Lewis with the Almond Board of California, a discussion with Sarah Stern, a commercial beekeeper/co-owner of Concord Farms about her life as a commercial beekeeper, and Q&A 

    Q&A

    1. Do commercial beekeepers do preventative treatments for AFB?
    2. What government programs are available to help commercial beekeepers in the event of heavy colony losses?
    3. Is theft a problem in your operation?
    4. Are you concerned about pests and pathogens when transporting bees?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Almond Board of California: https://www.almonds.com/ 

    Concord Farms Bees: https://www.concordfarmsbees.com/ 

    Honey Bee Health Coalition: https://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/ 

    Honey Bee Protection in Florida: https://www.fdacs.gov/Agriculture-Industry/Bees-Apiary/Honey-Bee-Protection-in-Florida 

    Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and Farm-raised Fish (ELAP): https://www.fsa.usda.gov/programs-and-services/disaster-assistance-program/emergency-assist-for-livestock-honey-bees-fish/index 

    Beekeepers hit hard by thefts of hiveshttps://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/05/bee-thieves-cost-beekeepers-thousands/ 

    Catch the Buzz- Almond Pollination Colonies: https://www.beeculture.com/catch-the-buzz-almond-pollination-colonies-being-stolen-again-know-your-beekeeper-mark-your-hives-hide-your-hives/ 

    Identification and Treatment of European Foulbrood in Honey Bee Colonies: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1272 

     

  • Episode 7: Risk Is Simply the Product of Multiplying Toxicity and Exposure

    An interview with Dr. Judy Wu-Smart, Extension & Research Entomologist University of Nebraska-Lincoln, on her pesticide research, Jamie and Amy discuss pesticide risk and what that really means, and Q&A.

    Q&A

    1. Is there anything interesting about the bees’ knees?
    2. Do commercial beekeepers do preventative treatments for AFB, and should backyard beekeepers be doing it?
    3. Are heat treatments for mites effective?
    4. What methods do you recommend to prevent and recover from heavy colony losses, such as winter losses?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Judy Wu-Smart: https://entomology.unl.edu/faculty/dr-judy-wu-smart

    UF HBREL Pesticides: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/pesticides/

    Environmental Protection Agency: https://www.epa.gov/pesticides

     

  • Episode 6: If Your Goal Is to Keep Your Bees Alive

    An interview with Randy Oliver about monitoring Varroa destructor, a discussion about the Bee Informed Partnership with Anne Marie Fauvel and Nathalie Steinhauer, and Q&A. 

    Q&A

    1. What do you do if you want to keep bees but your HOA doesn’t allow it?
    2. What do you recommend about buying bees online?
    3. What’s the proper balance of reading and researching versus hands-on experience and learning as you go?

    Notes and additional resources 

    Randy Oliver: http://scientificbeekeeping.com/ 

    Varroa Information: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/pest-and-disease-resources/varroa/ 

    Bee Informed Partnership: https://beeinformed.org/ 

    Honey Bee Biology: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/honey-bee-biology/ 

    Honey Bee Management: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/management/ 

     

  • Episode 5: Species Without Natural Enemies

    What to do about honey bee dead-outs with Dr. Humberto Boncristiani, a discussion on invasive species with Dr. Jim Cuda, and Q&A.  

    Q&A

    1. We are trying to save the bees, but what about wasps and yellow jackets?
    2. Is it appropriate to include frames of wax in a bait hive when trying to attract a swarm?
    3. Should you destroy queen cells in thriving colonies?

    Notes and additional resources 

    HBREL Honey Bee Husbandry Researchhttp://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/research/honey-bee-husbandry/ 

    HBREL Beekeeping Equipment: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/beekeeping-equipment/ 

    James P. Cuda:http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/people-directory/james-cuda/ 

    Carey Minteer: https://irrec.ifas.ufl.edu/minteer-/

    What is happening with the Brazilian Peppertree: http://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/entnemdept/2019/09/11/what-is-happening-with-the-brazilian-peppertree-schinus-terebinthifolia-insect-release/ 

    Brazilian peppertree thrips: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/BENEFICIAL/Pseudophilothrips_ichini.html  

    Yellow Brazilian peppertree leaf-galler: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/Calophya_latiforceps.htm  

    Classical Biological Control of Brazilian Peppertree in Florida: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN11400.pdf  

    How Scientists Obtain Approval to Release Organisms for Classical Biological Control of Invasive Weeds: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN60700.pdf  

    Brazilian Peppertree Seed Chalcid, Megastigmus transvaalensishttps://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/IN/IN45300.pdf  

    Brazilian Peppertree Control: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/AA/AA21900.pdf  

  • Episode 4: What It Takes to Provide Purposeful Education

    A summary of Extension and Research, and an interview with Dr. Meghan Milbrath from Michigan State University discussing her 50/50 Research/Extension appointment. Episode 4 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. How did you (Dr. Jamie Ellis) get into entomology?
    2. What are the best ingredients to put into a smoker to calm bees?

     

    Notes and additional resources

    Land-Grant University Website Directory: https://nifa.usda.gov/land-grant-colleges-and-universities-partner-website-directory

    HBREL Extension: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/extension/

    UF/IFAS Extension: https://sfyl.ifas.ufl.edu/

    HBREL Research: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/research/

    HBREL Research Publications: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/research/honey-bee-husbandry/publications-by-topic/

    Dr. Meghan Milbrath: https://www.canr.msu.edu/people/meghan_milbrath

    The Sand Hill: http://www.sandhillbees.com/

     

  • Episode 3: The Mite Is Free to Move About the Cabin

    A general overview of Varroahoney bee pollen and nutrition, Master Beekeepers Programs, and Q&As. Episode 3 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. Why might you see bees in your landscape one year, but suddenly the next year they are gone?
    2. What’s really going on when bees do the waggle dance?
    3. What happens if the queen dies during swarming?
    4. When do bees swarm?

    Notes and additional resources

    Varroa, Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman: https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in855 

    Nutrition and Bee Plants: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/beekeeper-resources/nutrition-and-bee-plants/ 

    UF IFAS Master Beekeeper Program: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/extension/events-and-activities/master-beekeeper-program/ 

     

  • Episode 2: The UF/IFAS Honey Bee Research and Extension Laboratory

    Learn about the HBREL, UF Instructional Programs, and what it means to have a Healthy Colony. Episode 2 Transcription

    Q&A

    1. What about ants?
    2. What’s with worker bees laying eggs?
    3. Do we have African bees here?
    4. Should we be scared of having them?

    Notes and additional resources

    Instruction: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/instruction/ 

    Cameron Jack: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/honey-bee/about-us/people/cameron-jack/ 

    William Kern: https://flrec.ifas.ufl.edu/faculty/william-kern/ 

    EDIS Ant Control in the Apiary: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in1181 

  • Episode 1: Introduction to the UF/IFAS Honey Bee Research and Extension Lab

    Meet your “Two Bees in a Podcast” hosts, learn about their positions and experiences, find out more about what to expect from this podcast, and how you can be more involved!

    Q&A

    1. What do you think about the Flow Hive? 
    2. Can you use Oxalic acid treatment on the frames?
    3. What is parasitic mite syndrome?
    4. How effective are beetle blasters and dryer sheets?
    5. How often should check beetle traps or blasters?