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Subfamily Phaneropterinae

false katydids

link to keys Key to families and subfamilies of katydids.
link to keys Key to genera of false katydids (Phaneropterinae).

To view distribution maps and photographs and hear the songs of North American false katydids go to the list of species and access the species pages, which are under development.


Alexander RD. 1960. Sound communication in Orthoptera and Cicadidae. In: Lanyon WE, Tavolga WN, editors. Animal sounds and communication. Washington D.C.: Am. Inst. Biol. Sci. p 38-92. [Amblycorypha rotundifolia and A. alexanderi]

Allard HA. 1910. The stridulations of some "katydids". Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 23: 35-40. [Amblycorypha longinicta]

Blatchley WS. 1920. Orthoptera of northeastern America. Indianapolis, IN: Nature Publishing. 784 p. Phaneropterinae (pp. 459-494). (The introductory pages to Blatchley's book are accessible on SINA's home page.)

Caudell AN. 1904. A new species of the locustid genus Amblycorypha from Kansas. J. N Y. Entomol. Soc. 13: 50. [Amblycorypha iselyi n. sp. (=A. parvipennis)]

Caudell AN. 1921. On the orthopterous group Phaneropterae (= Scudderiae) with descriptions of a new genus and species. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 11: 487-493. [Inscudderia taxodii]

Caudell AN. 1929. A new variety of Inscudderia walkeri Hebd from Virginia (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 31: 11-13.

Emsley MG. 1970. A revision of the steirodontine katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Phaneropterinae: Steirodontini). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 122: 125-248. [Stilpnochlora couloniana]

Forrest TG, Lajoie DR, Cusick D. 2006. Calling songs, duets, and auditory tuning in two cryptic katydids (Tettigoniidae: Phaneropterinae: Amblycorypha). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 99(5): 978-987.

Galliart PL, Shaw KC. 1991a. Effect of intermale distance and female presence on the nature of chorusing by paired Amblycorypha parvipennis (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) males. Fla. Entomol. 74: 559-569.

Galliart PL, Shaw KC. 1991b. Role of weight and acoustic parameters, including nature of chorusing, in the mating success of males of the katydid, Amblycorypha parvipennis (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Fla. Entomol. 74: 453-464.

Galliart P, Shaw KC. 1992. The relation of male and female acoustic parameters to female phonotaxis in the katydid, Amblycorypha parvipennis. J. Orthop. Res. 1: 110-115.

Galliart P, Shaw KC. 1994. The relationship of weight and sound level to continuity of male calling in the katydid, Amblycorypha parvipennis. J. Orthop. Res. 2: 43-45.

Galliart PL, Shaw KC. 1996. The effect of variation in parameters of the male calling song of the katydid, Amblycorypha parvipennis (Orthoptera; Tettigoniidae), on female phonotaxis and phonoresponse. J. Insect Behav. 9: 841-855.

Grant HJ, Jr., Rentz DC. 1966. The katydid genus Platylyra (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Pan. Pac. Entomol. 42: 81-88. [Platylyra californica]

Griffiths, J. T. 1952b. Some biological notes on katydids in Florida citrus groves. Fla. Entomol. 35: 134-138. [Microcentrum rhombifolium]

Hebard M. 1925. The North American genus Inscudderia (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Phaneropterinae). Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 51: 321-330, 2 pl.

Hebard M. 1935a. Orthoptera of the Upper Rio Grande Valley and the adjacent mountains in northern New Mexico. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 87: 45-82.

Hebard M. 1935b. Studies in the Orthoptera of Arizona, Pt I. New genera, species and geographical races. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 61: 111-153, Pl. 4-7.

Hebard M. 1936. Studies in Orthoptera which occur in North America north of the Mexican boundary. VI. A revision of the genus Arethaea (Tettigoniidae, Phaneropterinae). Trans. Amer. ent. Soc. Phil. 62: 231-256, 2 pl.

Hebard M. 1939. Studies in Orthoptera which occur in North America north of the Mexican boundary. X. New and critical notes on previously known Tettigoniidae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 65: 161-183, 3 pl. [Brachyinsara hemiptera n. sp. and Microcentrum louisianum n. sp.]

Helfert B, Saenger K. 1990. Reproduction and reproductive isolation in Phaneroptera nana Fieb. (1853) and Phaneroptera sparsa Stal (1857) (Orthoptera, Tettigonioidea). Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Oekol. Geogr. Tiere. 117: 109-116.

Heller KG, Von HD. 1993. Calling behavior in bushcrickets of the genus Poecilimon with differing communication systems (Orthoptera: Tettigonioidea, Phaneropteridae). J. Insect Behav. 6: 361-377.

Isely FB. 1941. Researches concerning Texas Tettigoniidae. Ecol. Monogr. 11: 457-475.

Kramer S. 1944. The external morphology of the oblong-winged katydid Amblycorypha oblongifolia (De Geer) (Orthoptera Tettigoniidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 37: 167-192.

Morse AP. 1920. Manual of Orthoptera of New England, including the locusts, grasshoppers, crickets and their allies. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 35: 197-556.     [Excerpt (p. 348-350) of pages dealing with Leptophyles punctatissima.]

Nabours RK. 1929. Hancock's studies of inheritance in green and pink katy-dids, Amblycorypha oblongifolia DeGeer (Orthop.: Tettigoniidae). Entomol. News 40: 14-16.

Nickle DA. 1976. Interspecific differences in frequency and other physical parameters of pair-forming sounds of bush katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Phaneropterinae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 69:1136-44.

Nickle DA. 1984. Revision of the bush katydid genus Montezumina, Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Phaneropterinae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 110: 553-622. [Montezumina modesta]

Nickle DA, Carlysle TC. 1975. Morphology and function of female sound-producing structures in ensiferan Orthoptera with special emphasis on the Phaneropterinae. Int. J. Insect Morphol. Embryol. 4:159-68.

Ragge DR. 1956. A revision of the genera Phaneroptera Serville and Nephopter Uvarov (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae), with conclusions of zoogeographical and evolutionary interest. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 127: 205-283.     [Excerpt (p. 223-239) of pages dealing with six taxa that qualify as subspecies in today's systematic treatments.]

Ragge DR. 1965. Grasshoppers, crickets and cockroaches of the British Isles. Frederick Warne & Co. Ltd., London. 299 p.     [Excerpt (p. 125-128, Plate VIII 5,6), five pages relevant to the speckled bush katydid.]

Rehn JAG, Hebard M. 1914b. A study of the species of the genus Dichopetala. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 1914: 64-160.

Rehn JAG, Hebard M. 1914c. Studies in American Tettigoniidae: 1. A synopsis of the species of the genus Scudderia. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 40: 271-314.

Rehn JAG, Hebard M. 1914d. Studies in American Tettigoniidae: 2. A synopsis of the species of the genus Amblycorypha found in America north of Mexico. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 40: 315-344.

Scudder SH. 1898. The orthopteran group Scudderiae. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts. & Sci. 33(15): 271-290.

Shaw KC, North RC, Meixner AJ. 1981. Movement and spacing of singing Amblycorypha parvipennis males. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 74: 436-444.

Shaw KC, Galliart PL, Smith B. 1990. Acoustic behavior of Amblycorypha parvipennis (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 83: 617-625.

Spangler HG. 1984. Silence as a defense against predatory bats in 2 species of calling insects. Southwest Nat. 29: 481-488. [Insara covilleae]

Spooner JD. 1964. The Texas bush katydid—its sounds and their significance. Anim. Behav. 12: 235-244, 4 pl. [Scudderia texensis]

Spooner JD. 1968. Collection of male phaneropterine katydids by imitating sounds of the female. J. Georgia Entomol. Soc. 3: 45-46.

Spooner JD. 1968. Pair-forming acoustic systems of phaneropterine katydids (Orthoptera Tettigoniidae). Anim. Behav. 16: 197-212.

Spooner JD. 1986. A redescription of the angular-winged katydid, Microcentrum louisianum Hebard (Orthoptera, Phaneropterinae). Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 112: 81-84.

Spooner JD. 1988. Microcentrum latifrons, a new species of angular-winged katydid from southwestern United States (Orthoptera, Tettigoniidae, Phaneropterinae). Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 114: 311-318.

Spooner JD. 1995. Pair-forming phonotaxic strategies of Phaneropterine katydids (Tettigoniidae: Phaneropterinae). J. Orthop. Res. 4: 127-129.

Strohecker HF. 1941. Two new species of Orthoptera from Texas. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 34: 539-542. [Dichopetala seeversi]

Strohecker HF. 1952a. Descriptions of new species and notes on North American Orthoptera. Am. Midl. Nat. 48: 683-688. [Microcentrum minus]

Strohecker HF. 1952b. Two Palaearctic Orthoptera established in the United States (Mantidae, Tettigoniidae). Pan. Pac. Entomol. 28: 138. [Phaneropera nana]

Tauber E, Cohen D, Greenfield MD, Pener MP. 2001. Duet singing and female choice in the bushcricket Phaneroptera nana. Behaviour 138: 411-430.

Tauber E, Pener MP. 2000. Song recognition in female bushcrickets Phaneroptera nana. J. Exp. Biol. 203: 597-603.

Tuckerman JF, Gwynne DT, Morris GK. 1993. Reliable acoustic cues for female mate preference in a katydid (Scudderia curvicauda, Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Behav. Ecol. 4: 106-113.

Vickery VR. 1983. Scudderia fasciata a new orthopteroid record for Quebec. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Que. 28: 25-29.

Walker TJ. 2004. The uhleri group of the genus Amblycorypha (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae): extraordinarily complex songs and new species. J. of Orthop. Res. 13(2): 169-183.

Walker TJ, Forrest TG, Spooner JD. 2003. The rotundifolia complex of the genus Amblycorypha (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Phaneropterinae): songs reveal new species. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 96: 443-457.    Spreadsheets of detailed data for this paper are rotundSpec.xls (specimens examined; measurements, including those of files and ovipositors), rotundSongs.xls (songs), and rotundEcol.xls (habitats)

Walker TJ, Dew D. 1972. Wing movements in calling katydids: fiddling finesse. Science 178: 174-176. [Amblycorypha longinicta