giant airplant
Save Florida's Bromeliads
A Method for Conserving Florida's
Native Airplants

giant airplant

Florida's Native Bromeliads   

Tillandsia fasciculata
Cardinal Airplant

Tillansia fasciculata
Scientific name: Tillandsia fasciculata Sw.

Former name: T. hystricina.

Common names: Cardinal airplant, quill-leaf airplant, common wild pine, clustered wild pine, dog-drink-water.

Status in Florida: Endangered (listed as a result of Mexican bromeliad weevil attack).

Threats to this plant in Florida: Mexican bromeliad weevil  (Metamasius callizona), illegal collecting, habitat destruction.

Distribution: Florida, West Indies, Mexico, Central and South America.

Distribution in Florida: Brevard, Broward, Charlotte, Collier, DeSoto, Glades, Hardee, Hendry, Highlands, Hillsborough, Lee, Manatee, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe, Okeechobee, Orange, Osceola, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Polk, Sarasota, Seminole, and Volusia Counties.

Occurrence in Florida: Frequent before weevil attacks.

Habitat: Hammocks, cypress swamps, pinelands.

Description: Tank epiphyte; plants often grow in clusters; 20-50 leaves, long, stiff and leathery (grayish-green, scaly, brownish at base), 30-70 cm (1228 in.) long, wider at base and tapering to a pointed tip; inflorescence 30-60 cm (12-24 in.) tall, spikes 7-15 cm long, 3-15 side branches; floral bracts usually bright red but many color forms exist in Florida, including yellow, green, and rose; 10-50 flowers; petals violet or rarely white, 4.5 cm (1  3/4 in.) long; seeds in capsule 3 cm (1  1/8 in.) long; seeds windborne.

Time of flowering: All year, especially spring to early summer.

Coile NC. 2000. Notes on Florida's Endangered and Threatened Plants. FDACS/DPI, Bureau of Entomology, Nematology and Plant Pathology, Botany Section. Contribution No. 38, 3rd ed., Gainesville, FL.

Florida Natural Areas Inventory. 1997.  Matrix of Habitats and Distribution by County of Rare/Endangered Species of Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory/The Nature Conservancy.

Long RW, Lakela O. 1976. A Flora of Tropical Florida. Banyan Books, Miami. 178 p.

Luther HE, Benzing DH. 2009.  Native Bromeliads of Florida. Sarasota, FL. Pineapple Press, Inc.

Ward DB (ed.). 1979. Plants, Vol. 5. In: Rare and Endangered Biota of Florida, P.C.H. Pritchard (ed.). University Presses of Florida, Gainesville, 175 p.

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Florida's Native Bromeliads

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Last update: 17 February 2016