Steinmetz Hall
1881 Natural Area Dr.
Gainesville, FL 32611

(352) 273-3922

J. Howard Frank
Professor Emeritus


  • B.Sc. (Honors), Durham University, England (Zoology), 1963
  • D.Phil., Oxford University, England (Entomology), 1967

Relevant Employment History

  • Professor (1987-2012) Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida
  • Associate Professor (1985-1987) Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida
  • Associate Professor (1983-1985) Florida Medical Entomology Lab, Vero Beach, FL
  • Entomologist (1972-1983) Entomological Research Center (later Florida Medical Entomology Lab), Vero Beach, FL
  • Entomologist (1968-1972) Research Department, Sugar Manufacturers' Association, Mandeville, Jamaica
  • Post-doctoral Fellow (1966-1968) Entomology Department, University of Alberta, Canada

Former Research Responsibilities

In Jamaica: evaluation of pests of sugar cane and development of IPM control methods. At Vero Beach: mosquito ecology. At Gainesville: biological control of pest insects (Scapteriscus mole crickets [invasive pests of turf, pasture grasses and vegetables], Metamasius callizona [an invasive pest of bromeliads], and horn fly [an invasive pest of cattle]).

Former Teaching responsibilities

  • Biological Control (ENY 5241), a course for graduate students.
  • Tropical Entomology for undergraduates (ENY 3563/ENY 3564L) and for graduates (ENY 5566/ENY 5567L).
  • Supervision of research by graduate students.

Former Extension responsibilities

Extension of results of the research programs and projects.


Introduction, colonization, release, and establishment in at least 38 Florida counties of Ormia depleta (Diptera: Tachinidae) a parasitoid of Scapteriscus mole crickets. Release, testing, and development as a commercial biopesticide of Steinernema scapterisci (Nematoda: Steinernematidae), a nematode pathogenic to Scapteriscus mole crickets. Introduction, colonization, release, and establishment in at least 46 Florida counties of Larra bicolor (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) a parasitoid of Scapteriscus mole crickets.

Career Publications

  • Books edited: 4
  • Refereed Papers: > 150
  • Chapters in books: 31
  • Miscellaneous printed papers: 80
  • Monographs and bulletins: 6
  • Book reviews in refereed journals: 61
  • Films and videotapes: 2
  • Websites: 5
  • WWW-based papers: 27

Selected Publications

Frank, J.H. 1967. The insect predators of the pupal stage of the winter moth, Operophtera brumata (L.) (Lepidoptera: Hydriomenidae). J. Anim. Ecol. 36: 375-389.

Frank, J.H. 1982. The parasites of the Staphylinidae (Coleoptera). A contribution towards an encyclopedia of the Staphylinidae. Univ. Florida agr. Exp. Stns., Tech. Bull. 824: i-vii, 1-118.

Frank, J.H. 1983. Bromeliad phytotelmata and their biota, especially mosquitoes [p. 101-128, IN] Frank, J.H., Lounibos,L.P. (eds.) Phytotelmata: terrestrial plants as hosts for aquatic insect communities. Medford, New Jersey; Plexus Publishing, vii+ 293 p.

Frank, J.H., Curtis, G.A., O'Meara, G.F. 1984. On the bionomics of bromeliad-inhabiting mosquitoes X. Toxorhynchites r. rutilusas a predator of Wyeomyia vanduzeei (Diptera: Culicidae). J. Med. Ent. 21: 149-158.

Frank, J.H., O'Meara, G.F. 1984. The bromeliad Catopsis berteroniana traps terrestrial arthropods but harbors Wyeomyia larvae. Florida Ent. 67: 418-424.

Frank, J.H., O'Meara, G.F. 1985. Influence of micro- and macro habitat on distribution of some bromeliad-inhabiting mosquitoes. Ent. Exp.Appl. 37: 169-174.

Frank, J.H., Kanamitsu, K. 1987. Paederus, sensu latu (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): natural history and medical importance. J. Med. Ent. 24: 155-191.

Frank, J.H., Woodruff, R.E., Nuñez, C.A. 1987. Scapteriscus didactylus (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) in the Dominican Republic. Florida Ent. 70: 478-483.

Lounibos, L.P., Frank, J.H., Machado-Allison, C.E., Ocanto, P., Navarro, J.C. 1987. Survival, development and predatory effects of mosquito larvae in Venezuelan phytotelmata. J. Trop. Ecol. 3: 221-242.

Frank, J.H., Stewart, J.P, Watson, D.A. 1988. Mosquito larvae in axils of the imported bromeliad Billbergia pyramidalis in southern Florida. Florida Ent. 71: 33-43.

Klimaszewski, J., Frank, J.H., Peck, S.B. 1990. Two new species and a key to the adults of Aleochara of Florida (Coleoptera:Staphylinidae). Florida Ent. 73: 177-185.

Frank, J.H., McCoy, E.D. 1992. The immigration of insects to Florida, with a tabulation of records published since 1970. Florida Ent. 75: 1-28.

Frank, J.H., Bennett, F.D., Cromroy, H.L. 1992. Distribution and prey records for Oligota minuta (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), a predator of mites. Florida Ent. 75: 376-380.

Frank, J.H., McCoy, E.D. 1993. The introduction of insects into Florida. Florida Ent. 76: 1-53.

Parkman, J.P., Frank, J.H., Nguyen, K.B., Smart, G.C. 1993. Dispersal of Steinernema scapterisci (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) after inoculative applications for mole cricket (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) control in pastures. Biological Control 3: 226-232.

Frank, J.H., McCoy, E.D. 1994. Commercial importation into Florida of invertebrate animals as biological control agents. Florida Ent. 77: 1-20.

Frank, J.H. 1994. Mosquito production from bromeliads in Florida. Florida Coop. Ext. Serv., S.P. 166: i-ii, 1-19.

Frank, J.H. 1994. Inoculative biological control of mole crickets [p.453-461, IN] Leslie, A.R. (ed.) Integrated Pest Management for Turfgrass and Ornamentals. CRC Press; Boca Raton, FL.

Frank, J.H., Thomas, M.C. 1994. Metamasius callizona (Chevrolat) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), an immigrant pest, destroys bromeliads in Florida. Canadian Ent. 126: 673-682.

Frank, J.H., McCoy, E.D. 1995. Invasive adventive insects and other organisms in Florida. Florida Ent. 78: 1-15.

Frank, J.H., McCoy, E.D. 1995. Precinctive insect species in Florida. Florida Ent. 78: 21-35.

Hu, G.-Y., Frank, J.H. 1995. Structural comparison of the chorion surface of five Philonthus species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 97: 582-589.

Frank, J.H., Parkman, J.P., Bennett, F.D. 1995. Larra bicolor (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), a biological control agent of Scapteriscus mole crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae), established in northern Florida. Florida Ent. 78: 619-623.

Frank, J.H., Walker, T.J., Parkman, J.P. 1996. The introduction, establishment and spread of Ormia depleta in Florida. Biological Control 6: 368-377.

Walker, T.J., Parkman, J.P., Frank, J.H., Schuster, D.J. 1996. Seasonality of Ormia depleta and limits to its spread. Biological Control 6: 378-383.

Frank, J.H., Thomas, M.C. 1997. A new species of Charoxus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) from native figs (Ficus spp.) in Florida. J. New York Ent. Soc. 104: 70-78.

Hu, G.Y., Frank, J.H. 1998. Predation on the horn fly (Diptera: Muscidae) by five species of Philonthus (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Environ. Ent. 26: 1240-1246.

Frank, J.H. 1998. How risky is biological control? Comment. Ecology 79: 1829-1834.

Frank, J.H. Parkman, J.P. 1999. Integrated pest management of pest mole crickets with emphasis on the southeastern USA. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 4: 39-52.

Frank, J.H. 1999. Bromeliad-eating weevils. Selbyana 20: 40-48.

Salas, J., Frank, J.H. 2001. Development of Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on pineapple stems. Florida Ent. 84: 123-126.

Arnett, R.H., Thomas, M.C., Skelley, P.E., Frank, J.H. (eds.). 2002. American beetles. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. Vol. 2. Boca Raton; CRC Press, xiv + 861 p.

Parkman, J.P., Frank, J.H. 2002. Interactions between Ormia depleta (Diptera: Tachinidae) and Steinernema scapterisci (Nematoda: Steinernematidae), natural enemies of pest mole crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae). Environ. Ent. 31: 1226-1230.

Frank, J.H., Woodruff, R.E., Thomas, M.C. 2002. Mole crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) in Grenada, West Indies. Entomotropica 17: 207-212.

Wineriter, S.A., Buckingham, G.R., Frank, J.H. 2003. Host range of Boreioglycaspis melaleucae Moore (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), a potential biocontrol agent of Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.T. Blake (Myrtaceae), under quarantine. Biological Control 27: 273-292.

Frank, J.H., Sreenivasan, S., Benshoff, P.J., Deyrup, M.A., Edwards, G.B., Halbert, S.E., Hamon, A.B., Lowman, M.D., Mockford, E.L., Scheffrahn, R.H., Steck, G.J., Thomas, M.C., Walker, T.J., Welbourn, W.C. 2004. Invertebrate animals extracted from native Tillandsia (Bromeliales: Bromeliaceae) in Sarasota County, Florida. Florida Ent. 87: 176-185.

Frank, J.H., Cave, R.D. 2005. Metamasius callizona is destroying Florida's native bromeliads [p. 91-101 IN:] Hoddle, M. S. (ed.) Second International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Davos, Switzerland, September 12-16, 2005. USDA Forest Service Publication FHTET-2005-08. Vol. 1.

Frank, J.H., Cooper, T.M., Larson, B.C. 2006. Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae): longevity and fecundity in the laboratory. Florida Ent. 89: 208-211.

Suazo, A., Arismendi, N., Frank, J.H., Cave, R.D. 2006. Method for continuously rearing Lixadmontia franki (Diptera: Tachinidae), a potential biological control agent of Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae). Florida Ent. 89: 348-353.

Frank, J.H., Walker, T.J. 2006. Permanent control of pest mole crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae: Scapteriscus) in Florida. American Ent. 52: 138-144.

Frank, J.H., McCoy, E.D. 2007. The risk of classical biological control in Florida. Biological Control 41: 151-174.

Frank, J.H., Vicente, N.E., Leppla, N.C. 2007. A history of mole crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) in Puerto Rico. Insecta Mundi (2007) 0004: 1-10.

Vicente, N.E., Frank, J.H., Leppla, N.C. 2007. Use of a beneficial nematode against pest mole crickets in Puerto Rico. Proc. Caribbean Food Crops Soc. 42(2): 180-186.

Frank, J.H., Fish, D. 2008. Potential biodiversity loss in Florida bromeliad phytotelmata due to Metamasius callizona (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae), an invasive species. Florida Ent. 91: 1-8.

Frank, J.H. 2008. Steinernema scapterisci as a biological control agent of Scapteriscus mole crickets. [Chap. 7, p. 115-131 IN:] Hajek, A., Glare, T, O' Callaghan, M. (eds). Use of microbes for control and eradication of invasive arthropods. [Progress in Biological Control vol. 6] Berlin; Springer.

Emmert, C.J., Mizell III, R.F., Andersen, P.C., Frank, J.H., Stimac, J.L. 2008. Effects of contrasting diets and temperatures on reproduction and prey consumption by Proprioseiopsis asetus (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Exp. Appl. Acarol. 44: 11-26.

Suazo, A., Cave, R.D., Frank, J.H. 2008. Reproductive biology and development of Lixadmontia franki (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasitoid of bromeliad-eating weevils. Florida Ent. 91: 453-459.

Emmert, C.J., Mizell III, R.F., Andersen, C., Frank, J.H., Stimac, J.L. 2008. Diet effects on intrinsic rate of increase and rearing of Proprioseiopsis asetus Muma (Acari: Phytoseiidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 104: 1033-1040.

Frank, J.H., Leppla, N.C., Sprenkel, R.K., Blount, A.C., Mizell III, R.F. 2009. Larra bicolor Fabricius (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae): its distribution throughout Florida. Insecta Mundi (2009) 0063: 1-5.

Frank, J.H., Lounibos. L.P. 2009 Insects and allies associated with bromeliads: a review. Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews 1 (2008): 125-153.

Portman, S.L., Frank, J.H., McSorley, R., Leppla, N.C. 2009. Fecundity of Larra bicolor (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) and its implications in parasitoid: host interaction with mole crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae: Scapteriscus). Florida Ent. 92: 58-63.

Frank, J.H., Erwin, T.L., Hemenway, R.C. 2009. Economically beneficial ground beetles. The specialized predators Pheropsophus aequinoctialis (L.) and Stenaptinus jessoensis (Morawitz): Their laboratory behavior and descriptions of immature stages (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Brachininae). Zookeys 14: 1-36.

To see the complete list of publications in PDF format, click here.