Days, times and place to be determined
Bldg. 970, Natural Area Drive
Updated August 2013

Instructor and Office Hours:
Dr. Marc Branham
Room 2005 Steinmetz Hall (Entomology Building)
Bldg. 970 Natural Area Drive
P.O. Box 110620
TEL 352-273-3915
FAX 352-392-0190

Office hours: Monday 1:00-4:00 p.m., or by appointment

Course Description: Instructional format includes lectures, laboratory periods and field trips. Lectures will focus on the anatomy/morphology, and taxonomy of immature insects at the ordinal and familial levels. Emphasis is placed on those taxa that exhibit true metamorphosis. Collecting techniques and curation/preservation techniques will also be discussed. Laboratory time will emphasize the utilization of taxonomic keys to identify immature insects to order and family (occasionally to genus and species). Field trips will be taken throughout the course of the semester, and an extensive collection of immature insects is required. Two exams will be given that will include keying out unknown specimens and answering questions regarding the lecture material covered. Rearing assignments and identification of unknown specimens in the teaching collection will also be required.

Prerequisites: ENY 4161/6166 or equivalent, or instructor approval.

Objectives and goals

The student will:
a. be provided with anatomical and taxonomic descriptions of orders and common families.
b. be provided with field exposure to various habitats and collecting techniques.
c. use appropriate methods for killing, preserving and labeling immature insects in order to build a scientifically useful collection.
d. be provided knowledge of proper methods of preparation, preservation and study of various immature insects.
e. gain practical experience in utilizing taxonomic keys to identify immature insects (particularly the diverse and economically important Holometabola).
f. gain familiarity with rearing techniques as well as the significance of rearing.
g. become more cognizant of the relationship of structure to that of function and be able to relate this concept to the bionomics of immature insects.

Course Procedure
Instruction is provided in two, 4-hour periods per week, with the first hour generally used as a lecture period. Collecting trips will be taken during class periods. Weekly email reminders will be sent before the end of each week to inform you what we will be doing the upcoming class period.
a. Lecture: Anatomical and taxonomic background material will be presented to enable the student to use taxonomic keys; presentations will also cover bionomics and any unique features of taxa under consideration.
b. Laboratory: Students will work, under expert supervision, on acquainting themselves with taxonomic keys and on the identification and study of specimens to be used in their collections and assignments. Optional open lab periods will be available to students desiring additional time, and these will be announced later in the semester.
c. Field Work: A variety of habitats will be visited (i.e. aquatic, agricultural, preserves/parks) to provide students broad exposure to immature insects, their habits and associated sampling techniques.

Assignments, collections, exams
Family Summaries
Each student is to choose an insect family of their choice, collect as much published information as possible on the immature stages of that family and summarize this information in 4-7 pages. You may choose to organize your paper into sections discussing: general biology, general morphology, life cycle/s, larval habitat and feeding behavior. You paper must include a reference section citing the appropriate sources. Also, please include referenced illustrations of the immature forms found in your chosen family. You are to hand in two copies of your summary: a) one on paper, and b) one electronic copy, {either on CD or e-mailed to M. Branham}. Both copies are due at 12:30, July7.

Identification of Unknowns

It will be your job to help us identify unknown specimens for our future teaching collection. You will be required to identify 15 unknown specimens to family. 10 of these unknowns must be holometabolous specimens. You will write down the numbers in each couplet as you key out each specimen and indicate which key you used on a handout that will be provided. Each specimen, correctly identified, will be worth 10 points, and can be turned in throughout the semester. The absolute deadline for all 15 unknowns will be July 28. Specimens incorrectly identified will receive partial credit according to how far in the key you made it to before making a wrong choice in the couplets. If you work on them throughout the semester, chances are there will be enough time to ensure you get all of them correctly identified (you are encouraged to ask questions!!). If you find out that one you have chosen is too difficult, try another one! Once a specimen is turned in, it will be graded accordingly. Specimens identified in addition to the required 15 will be worth 5 points each (provided they are correctly identified, no partial credit will be awarded)—maximum 25 points.

Collection/Rearing Assignment

The completion an extensive insect collection will be the major focus (600 points) of the course. It will include a rear out assignment. Please see collection handout for details. The collection (plus rearing and identified unknowns) are due at the end of the period (4:30) on July 28. If the collection (and its components) are turned in after (4:30pm) July 28, 100pts. per day will be deducted beyond the 28th.

Midterm and Final Exams

Exams will cover biology and morphology information discussed in class, the keying out of unknown specimens, and possible sight identifications of important and readily identified families. Each exam will be worth 100 points. The final WILL NOT be cumulative.

Field Trips
During the course of the semester we will go to a variety of habitats to maximize your exposure to immature insects. By doing so, it also maximizes the risk of coming across something that could harm you. Ticks, chiggers, widow spiders, mosquitoes, biting flies, reptiles, plants and other environmental hazards will be encountered during these trips, so dress accordingly. Appropriate dress includes shoes, long pants, long sleeve shirt and a hat. Although this recommendation does not completely eliminate the risks associated with outdoor activity, it does reduce it considerably. A change of clothes is a good idea if you are one that doesn’t mind getting into your work. Insect/tick repellant and sunscreen are also necessary for these trips along with snacks and water.

Suggested Textbooks: Stehr, F.W. 1987. Immature Insects. Volumes I and II. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. (will be on loan from the department)

Chu, H.F. and L.K. Cutkomp. 1992. How to know the immature insects, 2nd edition. McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing. (UF Bookstore/approx. $35.00)

Lectures will not take up the entire lab period, so use the extra time wisely! We will stay the entire period to help with identifications and other questions. Be prepared to work in lab if collecting trips are cancelled due to inclement weather.
Week 1: Intro.; overview of immatures;insect eggs; growth Introduction to orders (immatures) Life history, metamorphosis; terms used to describe immatures Equip. checkout; collection tech.; Berlese samples.
Week 2: Apterygota; Hemimetabola (Odonata, Ephmeroptera) Lab: Collect in Natural Area and sort Berlese samples All day field trip All Day Collecting Trip (Aquatic collecting).
Week 3: Lecture - Plecoptera; Orthopteroidea; (discuss family summary) Lab - work on unknowns/collections Hemiptera (= old Hemiptera + Homoptera) Lab - Collecting Trip.
Week 4: Pupal Stage; Neuropteroidea; Megaloptera; Neuroptera Lab - work on unknowns/collections.
Week 5: Coleoptera 1 Lab - Collecting Trip Lecture - Coleoptera 2 Lab - work on unknowns/collections.
Week 6: Lecture - Coleoptera 3; Pscoptera; Phthiraptera; Thysanoptera Lab - Collecting Trip.
MID-TERM EXAM (through Coleoptera) Lab - work on unknowns/collections..
Week 7: Lecture- Diptera 1 Lab - work on unknowns/collections Lecture - Diptera 2, Siphonaptera; Strepsiptera; Mecoptera Lab - work on unknowns/collections.
Week 8: Lecture - Hymenoptera 1 (Family summaries due) Lab - -Collecting Trip. Lecture - Hymenoptera 2 Lab - work on unknowns/collections.
Week 9: Lecture - Lepidoptera 1 Lab - Collecting Trip Lecture - Lepidoptera 2 Lab - work on unknowns/collections Week 10: Lecture Lepidoptera 3; Trichoptera Open lab - - work on unknowns/collections.
Week 11: Open Lab - Collecting trip/ work on collections Open lab (Collection + ID'ed Unknowns + Rearings due) work on collections Collecting trip/ work on collections.
Week 12: Open Lab – FINAL EXAM - (Diptera through Trichoptera).

Midterm exam I = 100 points
Family Summary = 50 points
Unknowns (15 x 10pts. each) = 150 points
Collection/Rearing = 600 points
Finalk Exam + 100 points
Total Points 1000 points

Grading Scale:
A = 90-100%
B+ = 85-89%
B = 80-84%
C+ = 75-79%
C = 70-74%
D+ = 65-69%
D = 60-64%
E = 0-59%

Critical Dates for Exams or Other Work: Please see the printed syllabus for scheduled dates of exams. Midterm exams are scheduled to last 1.5 hours, and will usually begin one-half hour before normal class time, depending on student schedules. Exams consist of short answer and essay questions. There is no final examination. Students will be expected to sign the following statement on all exams: "On my honor I pledge that I have neither given nor received assistance in the completion of this test."

Policy Related to Class Attendance: Attendance is not taken in class and is not required. However valuable information and discussion will be missed if the student does not attend class.

Policy Related to Make-Up Exams or Other Work: Missed exams cannot be made up except in the case of prior excused absence or family or medical emergencies. Late assignments will lose 10% of their value each day after 5:00 p.m. on the due date. Weekends count as one day. Late assignments will not be accepted more than one week after their due date.

Class Demeanor Expected by Instructor: Please be considerate of your classmates by not chatting during lecture. The banging of doors is very distracting to both students and professor, therefore please arrive on time and do not leave early. Turn off cell phones and beepers before coming into classroom. UF rules prohibit your having food or drinks in classrooms. Use of tobacco products (in any form) in the classroom is prohibited.

Additional General Information: The following information applies to all courses at the University of Florida.

We, the members of the University of Florida community, pledge to hold ourselves and our peers to the highest standard of honesty and integrity.>

Academic Honesty: As a result of completing the registration form at the University of Florida, every student has signed the following statement: "I understand that the University of Florida expects its students to be honest in all their academic work. I agree to adhere to this commitment to academic honesty and understand that my failure to comply with this commitment may result in disciplinary action up to and including expulsion from the University.

Copyrighted Materials and Software Use: All students are required and expected to obey the laws and legal agreements governing copyrighted material and software use. Failure to do so can lead to monetary damages and/or criminal penalties for the individual violator. Because such violations are also against University policies and rules, disciplinary action will be taken as appropriate.

Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: Students requesting classroom accommodation must first register with the Dean of Students Office. The Dean of Students will provide documentation to the student who must then provide this documentation to the Instructor when requesting accommodation.

University Counseling Services: Resources are available on-campus for students having personal problems or lacking clear career and academic goals which interfere with their academic performance. These resources include:

1. University Counseling Center, 301 Peabody Hall, 392-1575, personal and career counseling;
2. Student Mental Health, Student Health Care Center, 392-1171, personal counseling;
3. Sexual Assault Recovery Services (SARS), Student Health Care Center, 392-1161, sexual counseling; and
4. Career Resource Center, Reitz Union, 392-1601, career development assistance and counseling.