swift conehead
Neoconocephalus velox Rehn and Hebard 1914

green male
brown male
cone (ventral)
cone (profile)

20 s of calling song [1.68MB]; male from Alachua Co., Fla.; 24.0C. (WTL198-1)

Waveform of 5 s of calling at 24.0°C (from WTL198-1). Peak frequency 9 kHz.
Click on first half of waveform to hear graphed song.
Click on second half of waveform to expand last 0.2 s.

Identification:  A long conehead with a modest cone that is immaculate and straight beneath. Lower margins of hind femur not darker near bases of spines. Male pronotal length greater than 1.8 times rear width; ovipositor shorter than hind femur. Length 52-61 mm for males, 62-67 for females.

Habitat:  Undergrowth of pine and hardwood forests.

Season:  First egg-overwintering conehead to sing in the summer: June–July; N. Fla. data.

Song:  A piercing, continuous buzz.

Song data:  Excel worksheet and chart (from spectrographic analyses).

Similar Species:  N. palustris is smaller and matures later in the year; in profile, its cone is concave beneath; lower margins of hind femur darker near bases of spines. In N. robustus and N. bivocatus the length of the male pronotum is less than 1.8 times its rear width. the ovipositor is as long as or longer than hind femur, and adults occur later in the year.

More information:  subfamily Copiphorinae, genus Neoconocephalus

Nomenclature:  OSF (Orthoptera Species File Online)