|Scientific name: Tillandsia fasciculata Sw.
Former name: T. hystricina.
Common names: Cardinal airplant, quill-leaf airplant, common wild pine, clustered wild pine, dog-drink-water.
Florida: Endangered (listed as a result of Mexican bromeliad weevil attack).
this plant in Florida: Mexican bromeliad weevil (Metamasius callizona), illegal collecting, habitat destruction.
Distribution: Florida, West Indies, Mexico, Central and South America.
Brevard, Broward, Charlotte, Collier, DeSoto, Glades, Hardee, Hendry,
Highlands, Hillsborough, Lee, Manatee, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe,
Okeechobee, Orange, Osceola, Palm Beach, Pinellas, Polk, Sarasota,
Seminole, and Volusia Counties.
Frequent before weevil attacks.
Habitat: Hammocks, cypress swamps, pinelands.
epiphyte; plants often grow in clusters; 20-50 leaves, long, stiff and
leathery (grayish-green, scaly, brownish at base), 30-70 cm (1228 in.)
long, wider at base and tapering to a pointed tip; inflorescence 30-60
cm (12-24 in.) tall, spikes 7-15 cm long, 3-15 side branches; floral
bracts usually bright red but many color forms exist in Florida,
including yellow, green, and rose; 10-50 flowers; petals violet or
rarely white, 4.5 cm (1 3/4 in.) long; seeds in capsule 3 cm
(1 1/8 in.) long; seeds windborne.
flowering: All year, especially spring to early summer.
Coile NC. 2000. Notes on Florida's Endangered and Threatened
Bureau of Entomology, Nematology and Plant Pathology, Botany Section.
Contribution No. 38, 3rd ed., Gainesville, FL.
Florida Natural Areas Inventory.
1997. Matrix of Habitats and Distribution by County of
Species of Florida. Florida Natural Areas Inventory/The Nature Conservancy.
Long RW, Lakela O. 1976. A Flora of Tropical Florida.
Banyan Books, Miami. 178 p.
Luther HE, Benzing DH. 2009.
Native Bromeliads of Florida. Sarasota, FL. Pineapple Press,
DB (ed.). 1979. Plants, Vol. 5. In: Rare and Endangered Biota of
Florida, P.C.H. Pritchard (ed.). University Presses of Florida,
Gainesville, 175 p.